DAESH („Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant“) (updated October 2019)

DAESH („Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant“)

۞۞۞ 1986 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

Syria: Scenarios of Dramatic Political Change

Declassified CIA document

July 1986

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP86T01017R000100770001-5.pdf

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 1992 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

„Defense Planning Guidance“ 1992

“Paul Wolfowitz, then-under secretary of defense for policy, supervised the drafting of a 1992 policy statement on America’s mission in the post-Cold War era. Called the „Defense Planning Guidance,“ it is an internal set of military guidelines that typically is prepared every few years by the Defense Department. This policy guidance is distributed to military leaders and civilian Defense Department heads to provide them with a geopolitical framework for assessing their force level and bugetary needs.“

April 16, 2014

https://www.archives.gov/files/declassification/iscap/pdf/2008-003-docs1-12.pdf

۞۞۞ 1995 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Free-Rider Redux

NATO Needs to Project Power (and Europe Can Help)

By David Gompert and Richard Kugler

Foreign Affairs 74, no. 1: 7-12

January/February 1995

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/europe/1995-01-01/free-rider-redux-nato-needs-project-power-and-europe-can-help

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 1996  ۞۞۞

A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm

“A New Strategy for Securing the Realm („Clean Break“) is a policy document that was prepared in 1996 by a study group led by Richard Perle for Benjamin Netanyahu, the then Prime Minister of Israel.”

https://web.archive.org/web/20140125123844/http:/www.iasps.org/strat1.htm

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2000  ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century

By Donald Kagan, Gary Schmitt, Thomas Donnelly

(By Project for the New American Century / Foreign Policy Initiative)

September 01, 2000

https://archive.org/details/RebuildingAmericasDefenses

۞۞۞

Joint Vision 2020 (Full Spectrum Dominance)

US Joint Chiefs of Staff

U.S. Department of Defense

June 2000

http://www.pipr.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/jv2020-2.pdf

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2002 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

U.S. considers dividing Iraq into three separate states after Saddam is gone
By Gary D. Halbert

October 2002

http://www.profutures.com/article.php/91/

۞۞۞

Wer Allahs Wort missbraucht. Krisenherd islamische Welt

Mostafa Danesch

Verlag Hoffmann und Campe; 2002

ISBN: 3-455-09366-3

۞۞۞•

۞۞۞ 2003 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

Breaking the silence – Truth and lies in the war on terror
By John Pilger

September 22, 2003

http://johnpilger.com/videos/breaking-the-silence-truth-and-lies-in-the-war-on-terror

۞۞۞

Doctrine of Joint Psychological Operations [USA]
Joint Publications 5-35

September 5, 2003

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB177/02_psyop-jp-3-53.pdf

“[…] This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It sets forth doctrine to govern the joint activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations and provides the doctrinal basis for US military involvement in multinational and interagency operations. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders (JFCs) and prescribes doctrine for joint operations and training. It provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in preparing their appropriate plans. It is not the intent of this publication to restrict the authority of the JFC from organizing the force and executing the mission in a manner the JFC deems most appropriate to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of the overall mission. […]”

۞۞۞

Israel’s Strategy after the Iraq War
By Maj. Gen. Ya’akov Amidror

(Institute for Contemporary Affairs founded jointly with the Wechsler Family Foundation)

April 2003

http://www.jcpa.org/brief/brief2-24.htm

۞۞۞

1949-1958, Syria: Early Experiments in Covert Action

bBy Douglas Little

May 2003

http://coat.ncf.ca/our_magazine/links/issue51/articles/51_12-13.pdf

۞۞۞•

۞۞۞ 2004 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

Israelis ‚using Kurds to build power base‘
By Gary Younge

June 2004

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/jun/21/iraq.syria

۞۞۞•

۞۞۞ 2005 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

The Zarqawi Phenomenon
By Dahr Jamail

July 2005

http://thefallujahproject.org/home/node/69

۞۞۞

British undercover operations in Iraq
By Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

September 2005

http://rawstory.com/news/2005/CAUGHT_RED__0923.html

۞۞۞

Dividing our enemies
By Thomas H. Henriksen

(Joint Special Operations University and the Strategic Studies Department)

November 2005

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/2005/0511_jsou-report-05-5.pdf

۞۞۞

Devile’s game: how the United States helped unleash fundamentalist Islam
By Robert Dreyfuss
Holt Paperbacks, 2005, New York
ISBN-10: 0-8050-8137-2

۞۞۞•

۞۞۞ 2006 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

Plans for Redrawing the Middle East: The Project for a “New Middle East”

By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

November 18, 2006

https://www.globalresearch.ca/plans-for-redrawing-the-middle-east-the-project-for-a-new-middle-east/3882

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil11.pdf

۞۞۞

The next act. Is a damaged administration less likely to attack Iran, or more?
By Seymour M. Hersh

November 2006

http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/11/27/the-next-act?currentPage=all

۞۞۞•

۞۞۞ 2007 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞•

The Redirection. Is the Administration‘s new policy benefitting our enemies in the war on terrorism?
By Seymour M. Hersh

February 25, 2007

http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/03/05/the-redirection

۞۞۞

Traitors, charlatans, or patriots? Meet Iranian Ahmad Chalabis, Ayad Allawis, Curveballs, and the separatists.
By Muhammad Sahimi

April 05, 2007

http://www.payvand.com/news/07/may/1042.html

۞۞۞

Political Islam in the Service of Imperialism

By Samir Amin

Monthly Review; Volume 59, Issue 07; December 2007

http://monthlyreview.org/2007/12/01/political-islam-in-the-service-of-imperialism/

۞۞۞

General Wesley Clark: The US will attack 7 countries in 5 years

2007

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUCwCgthp_E

see also:

Seven Countries in fives years

General Wesley Clark

https://genius.com/General-wesley-clark-seven-countries-in-five-years-annotated

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2008 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Unfolding the future of the long war. Motivations, prospects, and implications for the U.S. Army
By Christopher G. Pernin, Brian Nichiporuk, Dale Stahl, Justin Beck, Ricky Radaelli-Sanchez

(RAND Corporation)

2008

http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG738.pdf

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2009 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Aufstandsbekämpfung und Besatzungskrieg. Die Entwicklung asymmetrischer Kriegführung durch den Westen
Raul Zelik

2009

http://www.linksnet.de/files/pdf/116_04_Zelik.pdf

۞۞۞

Our terrorists
by Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

October 2009

http://newint.org/features/2009/10/01/blowback-extended-version/

۞۞۞

Which path to Persia? Options for a new American strategy towards Iran.
By Kenneth M. Pollack, Daniel L. Byman, Martin Indyk, Suzanne Maloney, Michael E. O. Hanlon, Bruce Riede

(The Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution)

June 2009

https://www.loc.gov/item/2009020912/

https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/06_iran_strategy.pdf

۞۞۞

Jumpin‘ Jack Verdi, it’s a gas, gas, gas
By Pepe Escobar

October 2009

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Central_Asia/KJ03Ag01.html

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2010 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

A user‘s guide to the crisis of civilization. And how to save it.
By Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

2010

http://themester.indiana.edu/themester2011/events/ahmed.pdf

۞۞۞

The imperial anatomy of Al-Qaeda. The CIA‘s drug-running terrorists and the “arc of crisis”
By Andrew Gavin Marshall

Part I – Part III; 2010

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=20907

https://www.globalresearch.ca/empire-energy-and-al-qaeda-the-anglo-american-terror-network/20944

https://www.globalresearch.ca/9-11-analysis-9-11-and-america-s-secret-terror-campaign/20975

all three parts:

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil2.pdf

۞۞۞

The Iraq war

Part I: The U.S. prepares for conflict, 2001. Talking points for Rumsfeld-Franks meeting in November 2001 outline policy makers aims for the conflict and postwar rule of Iraq
September 2010

http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB326/index.htm

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2011 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Iraqs last patriot
By Anthony Shadid

February 2011

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/06/magazine/06ALLAWI-t.html?pagewanted=all

۞۞۞

The US-Al Qaeda Alliance: Bosnia, Kosovo and Now Libya. Washingtons On-Going Collusion with Terrorists
By Prof. Peter Dale Scott

July 29, 2011

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=25829

۞۞۞

Everything we’re doing now was planned before 9/11
By Washington’s Blog

June 18, 2011

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=25318

۞۞۞

Political Islam: A Marxist analysis

By Deepa Kumar

International Socialist Reviwe

2011
Part one: http://isreview.org/issue/76/political-islam-marxist-analysis
Part two: http://isreview.org/issue/78/political-islam-marxist-analysis

Part one and two: https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil7.pdf

۞۞۞

Preparing the Chessboard for the “Clash of Civilizations”: Divide, Conquer and Rule the “New Middle East”

By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

November 26, 2011

http://www.globalresearch.ca/preparing-the-chessboard-for-the-clash-of-civilizations-divide-conquer-and-rule-the-new-middle-east/27786

۞۞۞

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 22 December 2011 [on the report of the Second Committee (A/66/438/Add.1)]

66/186. Unilateral economic measures as a means of political and economic coercion against developing countries

http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=%20A/RES/66/186

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2012 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Kurdistan: The Next Flashpoint Between Turkey, Iraq, and the Syrian Revolt
By Col. (ret.) Dr. Jacques Neriah

Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs

August 2012

http://jcpa.org/article/the-future-of-kurdistan-between-turkey-the-iraq-war-and-the-syrian-revolt/

http://jcpa.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Kurdistan-Neriah.pdf

۞۞۞

Information report, not finally evaluated intelligence. 14-L-0552/DIA/287-293
Department of Defense

August 2012

https://www.judicialwatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Pg.-291-Pgs.-287-293-JW-v-DOD-and-State-14-812-DOD-Release-2015-04-10-final-version11.pdf

۞۞۞

Al-Qaeda’s specter in Syria
By Ed Husain

August 2012

http://www.cfr.org/syria/al-qaedas-specter-syria/p28782

۞۞۞

Deutsches Spionageschiff hilft syrischen Rebellen

Die Welt

19.08.2012

https://www.welt.de/politik/ausland/article108682338/Deutsches-Spionageschiff-hilft-syrischen-Rebellen.html

۞۞۞

Obama moves to make the War on Terror permanent
By Glenn Greenwald

October 2012

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/oct/24/obama-terrorism-kill-list

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2013 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

US has secretly provided arms training to Syria rebels since 2012

By David S. Cloud and Raja Abdulrahim

June 22, 2013

https://www.stripes.com/news/us/us-has-secretly-provided-arms-training-to-syria-rebels-since-2012-1.227052

۞۞۞

Die USA führen seit 2012 ein geheimes Waffen-Training für syrische Rebellen durch

Luftpost. Friedenspolitische Mitteilungen aus der US-Militärregion Kaiserslautern/Ramstein

22.6.2013

http://www.luftpost-kl.de/luftpost-archiv/LP_13/LP08513_010713.pdf

۞۞۞

What’s good for the Kurds looks good for Israel
By Norman Bailey

August 2013

http://www.globes.co.il/en/article-1000867597

۞۞۞

Yinons Revenge? A Panoramic of Chaos in the Arab World
Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

August 2013

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2013/08/25/yinon-revenge-a-panoramic-of-chaos-in-the-arab-world.html

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2014 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Surprising ties between Israel and the Kurds
By Ofra Bengio

2014

http://www.meforum.org/3838/israel-kurds

http://www.meforum.org/meq/pdfs/3838.pdf

۞۞۞

The Red Line and the Rat Line
Seymour M. Hersh on Obama, Erdoğan and the Syrian rebels
April 2014

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v36/n08/seymour-m-hersh/the-red-line-and-the-rat-line

۞۞۞

Wake Up and Smell the Oil: The Grass-Roots Struggle Against the Oil Plunder in Iraq
By Eddie J. Girdner

April 2014

http://monthlyreview.org/2014/04/01/wake-smell-oil/

۞۞۞

Were All Cheneyites Now
By Todd E. Pierce

April 2014

https://consortiumnews.com/2014/04/01/were-all-cheneyites-now/

۞۞۞

Iraq: Falluja’s Faustian Bargain
International Crisis Group
Middle East Report N°150

April 2014

https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/gulf-and-arabian-peninsula/iraq/iraq-falluja-s-faustian-bargain

https://d2071andvip0wj.cloudfront.net/iraq-falluja-s-faustian-bargain.pdf

۞۞۞

Who won Iraq? Lost dreams, lost armies, jihadi states, and the arc of instability
By Tom Engelhardt

June 2014

http://www.tomdispatch.com/post/175858/tomgram%3A_engelhardt%2C_the_guns_of_folly/#more

۞۞۞

America’s covert re-invasion of Iraq
By Tony Cartalucci

June 2014

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article38793.htm

۞۞۞

Sunni caliphate has been bankrolled by Saudi Arabia
By Robert Fisk

June 2014

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/iraq-crisis-sunni-caliphate-has-been-bankrolled-by-saudi-arabia-9533396.html

۞۞۞

The arc of ISIS: Western ‘regime change’ rouses the masses with new brand of terror
By Shawn Helton

July 2014

http://21stcenturywire.com/2014/07/05/the-arc-of-isis-western-regime-change-rouses-the-masses-with-new-brand-of-terror/

۞۞۞

Israel would welcome Kurdish state
July 2014

http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/politics/2014/07/iraq-crisis-israel-welcome-kurdish-state-us-turkey.html#

۞۞۞

Wiping out the christians of Syria and Iraq to remap the Mid-East: Prerequisite to a clash of civilizations?
By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

Part I; July 2014

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2014/07/30/wiping-out-christians-syria-iraq-remap-mid-east-prerequisite-clash-civilizations-i.html

Part II; August 2014

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2014/08/01/wiping-out-christians-syria-iraq-remap-mid-east-prerequisite-clash-civilizations-ii.html

Part one and two: https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil8.pdf

۞۞۞

Oil and Erbil
by Steve Coll; August 2014

http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/oil-erbil

۞۞۞

ISIS: A short history. The terrorist group’s evolution from fervid fantasy to death cult
By Bobby Ghosh

August 2014

http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2014/08/isis-a-short-history/376030/?single_page=true

۞۞۞

The Other Iraq Reality: Shiite Militias besieging Sunni Towns
By Erin Evers

September 2014

http://www.juancole.com/2014/09/reality-militias-besieging.html

۞۞۞

Follow the money; Follow the oil. How the West created the Islamic State
By Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

September 2014

http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/09/12/how-the-west-created-the-islamic-state/

۞۞۞

Transcript: President Obamas speech outlining strategy to defeat Islamic State

September 2014

http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/full-text-of-president-obamas-speech-outlining-strategy-to-defeat-islamic-state/2014/09/10/af69dec8-3943-11e4-9c9f-ebb47272e40e_story.html

۞۞۞

Council on Foreign Relations: Syrian Rebels Need Al-Qaeda Now
By Aaron Nelson

September 2014

http://theantimedia.org/council-on-foreign-relations-syrian-rebels-need-al-qaeda-now/

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil9.pdf

۞۞۞

The Geopolitics of World War III
September 2014

https://topdocumentaryfilms.com/geopolitics-world-war-3/

۞۞۞

The End of Democracy as we knew it
By Bernd Hamm

September 2014

https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/FS-04-2014-0024/full/html

۞۞۞

The return of fascism in contemporary capitalism
By Samir Amin

September 2014

http://monthlyreview.org/2014/09/01/the-return-of-fascism-in-contemporary-capitalism/

۞۞۞

Real US motives behind bombing ISIL
September 2014

http://presstv.com/detail/2014/09/17/378995/real-u

۞۞۞

UN Security Council Resolution 2178: Security Council unanimously adopts
resolution condemning violent extremism, underscoring need to prevent travel,
support for foreign terrorist fighters

September 2014

https://www.refworld.org/publisher,UNSC,RESOLUTION,,542a8ed74,0.html

۞۞۞

USs ‚Coalition of the Guilty‘ part of Iraq, Syria problem
By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

September 2014

http://rt.com/op-edge/188688-syria-iraq-coalition-isis-guilt/

۞۞۞

Turn the Tables: Stopping Western Aggression in Syria
By Tony Cartalucci

September 2014

http://journal-neo.org/2014/09/29/turn-the-tables-stopping-western-aggression-in-syria/

۞۞۞

The chronicle of chaos. Once more, into the quagmire
By Jason Hirthler

October 2014

http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/10/03/once-more-into-the-quagmire/

۞۞۞

Beyond The Islamic State: Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency
By Sinan Adnan with Aaron Reese
Institute for the Study of War

October 2014

http://www.understandingwar.org/report/beyond-islamic-state-iraqs-sunni-insurgency
http://www.understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/Sunni%20Insurgency%20in%20Iraq.pdf

۞۞۞

From Pol Pot to ISIS: Anything that flies on everything that moves”
By John Pilger

October 2014

http://johnpilger.com/articles/from-pol-pot-to-isis-anything-that-flies-on-everything-that-moves

۞۞۞

America’s „Terrorist Academy“ in Iraq Produced ISIS Leaders

By Mike Whitney

October 6, 2014

http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/10/06/americas-terrorist-academy-in-iraq-produced-isis-leaders/

۞۞۞

Das Modell Rojava
Elke Dangeleit

Oktober 2014

http://www.heise.de/tp/artikel/43/43031/1.html

۞۞۞

Kampf um Kobanê, Ausnahmezustand in der Türkei und Internationale Solidarität
Von Errol Babacan und Murat Çakır

Oktober 2014

http://infobrief-tuerkei.blogspot.de/2014/10/kampf-um-kobane-ausnahmezustand-in-der.html

۞۞۞

The secret stupid Saudi-US deal on Syria. Oil gas pipeline war. The Kerry-Abdullah secret deal
By F. William Engdahl

October 2014

http://www.boilingfrogspost.com/2014/10/24/the-secret-stupid-saudi-us-deal-on-syria/

۞۞۞

Building a Better Syrian Opposition Army: The How and The Why
By Kenneth M. Pollack

Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

October 2014

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Research/Files/Papers/2014/10/building%20syrian%20opposition%20army%20pollack/Building%20a%20Better%20Syrian%20Armyweb.pdf

۞۞۞

The U.S. Army Operating Concept: Win in a Complex World. 2020-2040

TRADOC Pamphlet 525-3-1

October 31, 2014

https://info.publicintelligence.net/USArmy-WinComplexWorld.pdf

۞۞۞

Obama’s secret deals with Saudi Arabia & Qatar. What’s behind lower gas-prices and the bombings of Syria and of Eastern Ukraine: Obama represents U.S. & arabic aristocracies, against those of Russia & Iran
By Eric Zuesse

November 2014

https://www.globalresearch.ca/obamas-secret-deals-with-saudi-arabia-and-qatar-whats-behind-lower-gas-prices-and-the-bombing-of-syria-and-eastern-ukraine/5412311

۞۞۞

The Gangs of Iraq. Marauding pro-government militias are using the fight against the Islamic State as a pretext to destroy Sunni Arab communities across the country.
By Tirana Hassan

November 2014

http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/11/03/the-gangs-of-iraq/

۞۞۞

The war in Rojava: The US and Turkish roles in the battle of Kobani (I)
By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

November 2014

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2014/11/11/war-rojava-us-and-turkish-roles-battle-kobani.html

۞۞۞

Research Paper: ISIS-Turkey Links

By David L. Phillips; Director of the Program on Peace-building and Rights, Columbia University’s Institute for the Study of Human Rights

November 9, 2014

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-l-phillips/research-paper-isis-turke_b_6128950.html

۞۞۞

The war in Rojava: Kobanis fall is a prerequisite to an invasion of Syria (II)
By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

November 2014

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2014/11/17/war-rojava-kobani-fall-prerequisite-invasion-syria-ii.html

۞۞۞

The Sunni Revolution and the Outburst of Community Divisions in Iraq
By Arthur Quesnay

December 2014

http://www.noria-research.com/2014/12/18/the-sunni-revolution-and-the-outburst-of-community-divisions-in-iraq/

۞۞۞

Senate Select Comittee on Intelligence

Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency ’s Detention and Interrogation Program

Foreword by Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Chairman Bianne Feinstein

Findings and Conclusions

Approved December 13, 2012; updated for release April 3, 2014; declassification revisions December 3, 2014

https://www.feinstein.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/7/c/7c85429a-ec38-4bb5-968f-289799bf6d0e/D87288C34A6D9FF736F9459ABCF83210.sscistudy1.pdf

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2015 ۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Charlie Hebdo
By Paul Craig Roberts

Januaray 2015

http://www.paulcraigroberts.org/2015/01/13/charlie-hebdo-paul-craig-roberts/

۞۞۞

Category Archives: Major terrorist events
By Elias Davidsson

http://aldeilis.net/english/category/s24-terrorism/major-terrorist-events/

۞۞۞

Category Archives: False Flag terrorism
By Elias Davidsson

http://aldeilis.net/english/category/s24-terrorism/false-flag-terrorism/

۞۞۞

The Wests Help to Islamic Jihadists
By William Blum

January 2015

https://consortiumnews.com/2015/01/20/the-wests-help-to-islamic-jihadists/

http://williamblum.org/aer/read/136

۞۞۞

Der Irak im Vielfrontenkrieg. Islamischer Staat, irakischer Aufstand und das Erbe der Besatzung
Von Joachim Guilliard

27. Januar 2015

http://www.imi-online.de/download/IMI-Studie2015-1gulliard_web.pdf

۞۞۞

Todays Top 7 Myths about Daesh/ ISIL
By Juan Cole

February 2015

http://www.juancole.com/2015/02/todays-about-daesh.html

۞۞۞

Body Count. Casualty Figures After 10 Years of the »War on Terror«. Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan
IPPNW German, Pysicians for Social Respopnsibility, Pysicians for Global Survival

March 2015

http://www.ippnw.de/commonFiles/pdfs/Frieden/Body_Count_first_international_edition_2015_final.pdf

۞۞۞

Israels Future Vision of the Middle East
Wayne Madsen

March 2015

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2015/03/28/israel-future-vision-of-the-middle-east.html

۞۞۞

Islamic State is the cancer of modern capitalism
By Nafeez Ahmed

March 2015

http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/cancer-modern-capitalism-1323585268

۞۞۞

The Pentagon plan to divide and rule the Muslim World
By Nafeez Ahmed

April 2015

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article41438.htm

۞۞۞

How the Pentagon is hiding the dead. The secret campaign to undercount the war on terror death toll in the Middle East, Central Asia, and Latin America
By Nafeez Ahmed

April 2015

http://data9.blog.de/media/978/8535978_485ffb51ca_d.pdf

۞۞۞

Die Blindheit der Europäischen Union gegenüber der Militärstrategie der USA
Mitschuldig an den Verbrechen der USA

Von Thierry Meyssan

April 2015

http://www.voltairenet.org/article187423.html

http://www.nrhz.de/flyer/beitrag.php?id=21672

۞۞۞

Unworthy victims: Western wars have killed four million Muslims since 1990
By Nafeez Ahmed

April 2015

http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/unworthy-victims-western-wars-have-killed-four-million-muslims-1990-39149394

۞۞۞

Dateline: Turkey’s Double Game with ISIS
By Burak Bekdil

Summer 2015

http://www.meforum.org/5317/turkey-isis

http://www.meforum.org/meq/pdfs/5317.pdf

۞۞۞

The Killing of Osama bin Laden

Seymour M. Hersh

London Reviews of Book; Volume 37; May 2015

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v37/n10/seymour-m-hersh/the-killing-of-osama-bin-laden

۞۞۞

‚Lines Drawn on an Empty Map‘: Iraq’s Borders and the Legend of the Artificial State

By Sara Pursley

June 2015

Part 1

http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/21759/lines-drawn-on-an-empty-map_iraq%E2%80%99s-borders-and-the

Part 2

http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/21780/lines-drawn-on-an-empty-map_iraq%E2%80%99s-borders-and-the

۞۞۞

Deconstructing Syria: A new strategy for America’s most hopeless war

By Michael E. O’Hanlon

June 30, 2015

http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/order-from-chaos/posts/2015/06/30-deconstructing-syria-ohanlon

۞۞۞

Former DIA Chief Michael Flynn Says Rise of Islamic State was “a willful decision” and Defends Accuracy of 2012 Memo
By Brad Hoff

August 6, 2015

http://levantreport.com/2015/08/06/former-dia-chief-michael-flynn-says-rise-of-islamic-state-was-a-willful-decision-and-defends-accuracy-of-2012-memo/

۞۞۞

“Greater Israel”: The Zionist Plan for the Middle East. The Infamous “Oded Yinon Plan”.

By Israel Shahak

Introduction by Michel Chossudovsky

September 06, 2015

updated September 13, 2019

http://www.globalresearch.ca/greater-israel-the-zionist-plan-for-the-middle-east/5324815

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil10.pdf

۞۞۞

Security Council ‘Unequivocally’ Condemns ISIL Terrorist Attacks, Unanimously Adopting Text that Determines Extremist Group Poses ‘Unprecedented’ Threat

SC/12132

November 20, 2015

http://www.un.org/press/en/2015/sc12132.doc.htm

۞۞۞

The Saudi-Hosted “Opposition Talks” Fiasco

By Mike Whitney

December 11, 2015

http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/12/11/the-saudi-hosted-opposition-talks-fiasco/

۞۞۞

Criticism of Hersh’s new piece fails to understand what really happened

By Moon Of Alabama

December 21, 2015

http://www.moonofalabama.org/2015/12/how-a-critic-of-hershs-new-piece-fails-to-understand-what-really-happened.html

۞۞۞

Russia Plays a Winning Syria Game at the United Nations. Russian diplomacy achieved a trio of Security Council Resolutions over the last month which give Russia a decisive advantage

By Alexander Mercouris

December 22, 2015

http://thesaker.is/russian-diplomacy-achieved-a-trio-of-security-council-resolutions-over-the-last-month-which-give-russia-a-decisive-advantage/

۞۞۞

Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2253 (2015), Security Council Expands Sanctions Framework to Include Islamic State in Iraq and Levant

7587th Meeting (PM)

SC/12168

December 17, 2015

http://www.un.org/press/en/2015/sc12168.doc.htm

۞۞۞

Security Council Unanimously Adopts Resolution 2254 (2015), Endorsing Road Map for Peace Process in Syria, Setting Timetable for Talks

7588th Meeting (PM)

SC/12171

December 18, 2015

http://www.un.org/press/en/2015/sc12171.doc.htm

۞۞۞

The ‘anti-imperialist’ who got Libya wrong serves up the same failed analysis on Syria

By Stephen Gowans

December 24, 2015

https://gowans.wordpress.com/2015/12/23/the-man-who-got-libya-wrong-serves-up-the-same-failed-analysis-on-syria/

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2016۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Military to Military

Seymour M. Hersh on US intelligence sharing in the Syrian war

London Review of Books; Vol. 38 No. 1

January 7, 2016

pages 11-14

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v38/n01/seymour-m-hersh/military-to-military

۞۞۞

Sarin in Syrien

Von Norman Paech

Ossietzky Heft 1 und 2 – 2016

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/norman-paech_sarin-in-syrien-2015.pdf

۞۞۞

U.S. Relies Heavily on Saudi Money to Support Syrian Rebels

By Mark Mazzetti and Matt Apuzzo

January 23, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/24/world/middleeast/us-relies-heavily-on-saudi-money-to-support-syrian-rebels.html?_r=0

۞۞۞

A Special Relationship. The United States is teaming up with Al Qaeda, again

By Andrew Cockburn

January 2016

http://harpers.org/archive/2016/01/a-special-relationship/?single=1

۞۞۞

Die polit-ökonomische Dimension des Syrien-Krieges.

IMI-Analyse 2016/03

Von David X. Noack

Februar 2016

http://www.imi-online.de/2016/02/02/die-polit-oekonomische-dimension-des-syrien-krieges/

http://www.imi-online.de/download/DN-Srien-Ausdruck-1-2016.pdf

۞۞۞

Will Geneva talks lead right back to Assad’s 2011 reforms?

By Sharmine Narwani

February 10, 2016

https://www.rt.com/op-edge/331992-geneva-talks-syria-assad/

۞۞۞

Why the Arabs Don’t Want Us in Syria

They don’t hate ‘our freedoms.’ They hate that we’ve betrayed our ideals in their own countries—for oil.

By Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.

February 22, 2016

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/02/rfk-jr-why-arabs-dont-trust-america-213601

۞۞۞

The Obama Doctrine

The U.S. president talks through his hardest decisions about America’s role in the world.

By Jeffrey Goldberg

April 2016

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/04/the-obama-doctrine/471525/

۞۞۞

Ahrar ash-Sham: Die »syrischen Taliban«

Die Verbündeten der Nusra-Front bieten sich dem Westen als Partner an.

WP-Aktuell 2016/A 28

Von Guido Steinberg

April 2016

http://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/aktuell/2016A28_sbg.pdf

۞۞۞

Study on Humanitarian Impact of Syria-Related Unilateral Restrictive Measures. A report prepared for the United Nations (UN) economic & Social Commission for Western Asia (eSCWA)

“National Agenda for the Future of Syria”

By Dr. Justine Walker

May, 2016

https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3115191/Hum-Impact-of-Syria-Related-Res-Eco-Measures-26.pdf

۞۞۞

White Helmets NGO: A “Rescue And Assist” Operation Under Guise Of Human Rights

The White Helmets is wholly funded, directed, and promoted by Western governments, intelligence agencies and Foundations for the purposes of assisting Western-backed terrorists in destroying secular Syria

By Brandon Turbeville

May 11, 2016

https://www.mintpressnews.com/white-helmets-ngo-rescue-assist-operation-guise-human-rights/216324/

۞۞۞

Clinton: Destroy Syria for Israel

The New Obsever

By TNO Staff

May 22, 2016

http://newobserveronline.com/clinton-destroy-syria-israel/

۞۞۞

A four-point strategy for defeating the Islamic State

By Michèle Flournoy and Ilan Goldenberg

July 2016

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/global-opinions/a-four-point-strategy-for-defeating-the-islamic-state/2016/07/08/13ea5f1c-3e42-11e6-84e8-1580c7db5275_story.html

۞۞۞

Energie, Krieg & Frieden

Dr. Daniele Ganser

Vortrag gehalten am 30.5.2016 in München

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQBbNofd9w8

۞۞۞

Was von Kriegen übrig bleibt.

Von Karin Leukefeld, Markus Matzel

2016

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cdrPm-nQUO4

۞۞۞

Making a Killing: The 1.2 Billion Euro Arms Pipeline to Middle East.

An unprecedented flow of weapons from Central and Eastern Europe is flooding the battlefields of the Middle East.

By Lawrence Marzouk, Ivan Angelovski and Miranda Patrucic

July 27, 2016

http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/making-a-killing-the-1-2-billion-euros-arms-pipeline-to-middle-east-07-26-2016

۞۞۞

Reporter von BalkanInsight haben riesige Waffenlieferungen aus Staaten in Südosteuropa und auf dem Balkan in die Kriegsgebiete in Syrien und im Jemen aufgedeckt.

Ein Riesengeschäft: Für 1,2 Milliarden Euro Waffen in den Mittleren Osten geliefert. Ein beispielloser Strom von Waffen aus Mittel- und Südosteuropa hat die Schlachtfelder im Mittleren Osten überschwemmt.

Luftpost. Friedenspolitische Mitteilungen aus der US-Militärregion Kaiserslautern/Ramstein; 29.08.16

http://www.luftpost-kl.de/luftpost-archiv/LP_16/LP11716_290816.pdf

۞۞۞

Western Charity: The Selling, Trading and Weaponization of Syria’s Children

By Diane Mantzaris

July 24, 2016

http://www.activistpost.com/2016/07/western-charity-the-selling-trading-and-weaponization-of-syrias-children.html

۞۞۞

The day before Deraa: How the war broke out in Syria

By Steven Sahiounie

August 10, 2016

https://ahtribune.com/world/north-africa-south-west-asia/syria-crisis/1135-day-before-deraa.html

۞۞۞

Die Verantwortung des Westens für das Elend im Mittleren Osten

Von Karin Leukefeld

11. August 2016

http://www.nachdenkseiten.de/?p=34568

۞۞۞

The Kurdish Question Then and Now

By Samir Amin

October 2016

http://monthlyreview.org/2016/10/01/the-kurdish-question-then-and-now/

۞۞۞

Deutschland mitverantwortlich für das Blutvergießen in Syrien

Von Zlatko Percinic

18.12.2016

https://deutsch.rt.com/inland/44352-deutschland-mitverantwortlich-fur-blutvergiessen-in/

۞۞۞

Der schmutzige Krieg gegen Syrien: Washington, Regime Change und Widerstand

Autor: Dr. Tim Anderson. Übersetzung aus dem Englischen: Jochen Mitschka und Hermann Ploppa

Liepsen Verlag, Marburg, 2016

https://amirmortasawi.wordpress.com/2016/08/26/20686885/

۞۞۞

The Dirty War on Syria

By Professor Tim Anderson, 2016

http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-dirty-war-on-syria/5491859

۞۞۞

Illegale Kriege: Wie die NATO-Länder die UNO sabotieren. Eine Chronik von Kuba bis Syrien

Von Dr. Daniele Ganser

Orell füssli Verlag, 2016

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2017۞۞۞

۞۞۞

Political Science’s “Theory of Everything” on the 2016 US Election

David Chibo

January 19, 2017

http://www.unz.com/article/political-sciences-theory-of-everything-on-the-2016-us-election/

۞۞۞

Russia Now Runs the Peace Process to End Syria’s War

By Eric Zuesse

Part I; February 13,2017

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/02/13/russia-now-runs-peace-process-end-syria-war-i.html

Part II; February 15,2017

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/02/15/russia-now-runs-the-peace-process-end-syria-war-ii.html

Part III; February 17,2017

http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/02/17/russia-now-runs-peace-process-end-syria-war-iii.html

۞۞۞

Syrian War Propaganda at the Oscars

By Rick Sterling

February 24, 2017

https://consortiumnews.com/2017/02/24/syrian-war-propaganda-at-the-oscars/

۞۞۞

New Declassified CIA Memo Presents Blueprint for Syrian Regime Collapse

By Brad Hoff, February 14, 2017

https://www.libertarianinstitute.org/2017/02/cia-memo-scenarios-of-syrian-regime-collapse/

۞۞۞

MEMORANDUM FOR: The President Trump Should Rethink Syria Escalation

Two dozen ex-U.S. intelligence officials urge President Trump to rethink his claims blaming the Syrian government for the chemical deaths in Idlib and to pull back from his dangerous escalation of tensions with Russia.

April 11, 2017

https://consortiumnews.com/2017/04/11/trump-should-rethink-syria-escalation/

۞۞۞

A multi-level analysis of the US cruise missile attack on Syria and its consequences

By The Saker

April 11, 2017

http://thesaker.is/a-multi-level-analysis-of-the-us-cruise-missile-attack-on-syria-and-its-consequences/

۞۞۞

Die Vereinten Nationen in den Händen der Kriegstreiber

Das Völkerrecht und die Unparteilichkeit der Vereinten Nationen sind in großer Gefahr.

von Peter Frey

Mai 2017

Teil1

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/die-vereinten-nationen-in-den-handen-der-kriegstreiber-1-3

Teil 2

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/die-vereinten-nationen-in-den-handen-der-kriegstreiber-2-3

Teil 3

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/die-vereinten-nationen-in-den-handen-der-kriegstreiber-2-3-standard-artikel

۞۞۞

Sarin, investigations, refutations and vested interests

By Michael Jansen

May 03,2017

http://www.jordantimes.com/opinion/michael-jansen/sarin-investigations-refutations-and-vested-interests

۞۞۞

Unser Krieg gegen Syrien

Syrien geht uns alle an, es ist unser Krieg, der dort tobt.

Von Susanne Holsteiner

20. Juni 2017

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/unser-krieg-gegen-syrien

۞۞۞

America’s War against ISIS Is Evolving into an Invasion of Syria

By David French

June 19, 2017

https://www.nationalreview.com/2017/06/syrian-conflict-isis-fight-pits-us-against-assad/

۞۞۞

Der Tiefe Staat, die Rattenlinie und ein Inside Job

Medien und Politik lügen beim Thema Syrien wie gedruckt. Oder übersehen das Wirken des Tiefen Staates im Hintergrund.

Von Peter Frey

4. Juli 2017

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/die-rattenlinie-und-ein-inside-job

۞۞۞

Die Schlacht um Mossul

Der Irak zerrissen durch den Krieg gegen den „Islamischen Staat“, interne Konflikte und äußere Intervention

Von Joachim Guilliard

Juli 2017

http://www.imi-online.de/2017/07/03/die-schlacht-um-mossul/

http://www.imi-online.de/download/IMI-Studie2017-11-Irak-web.pdf

۞۞۞

Revealed: The Pentagon Is Spending Up To $2.2 Billion on Soviet-Style Arms for Syrian Rebels

By Ivan Angelovski and Lawrence Marzouk

12 September 2017

https://www.occrp.org/en/makingakilling/the-pentagon-is-spending-2-billion-on-soviet-style-arms-for-syrian-rebels

۞۞۞

Das Ende ist erst der Anfang. Warum der Islamische Staat noch lange nicht besiegt ist

Von Susanne Kaiser

Internationale Politik 5, September-Oktober 2017, S. 30 – 37

https://zeitschrift-ip.dgap.org/de/article/getFullPDF/29955

۞۞۞

Multi-Domain Battle: Evolution of Combined Arms for the 21st Century 2025-2040. Version 1.0

October 2017

https://admin.govexec.com/media/20171003_-_working_draft_-_concept_document_for_multi-domain_battle_1_0.pdf

۞۞۞

Die Lügen der „Weißhelme“

Die sogenannten Weißhelme helfen nicht, sondern inszenieren und verbreiten Propaganda für den Krieg gegen Syrien.

Von Jens Bernert

14. November 2017

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/die-lugen-der-weisshelme

۞۞۞

Die kurdische Perspektive im Großen Spiel: Ein gefährlicher Grat in Syrien

Von Karin Leukefeld

27. November 2017

https://deutsch.rt.com/der-nahe-osten/61179-kurdische-perspektive-im-grossen-spiel/

۞۞۞

Why Are Trump’s Troops Training ISIS Terrorists?

By Eric Zuesse

December 30, 2017

https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/12/30/why-trump-troops-training-isis-terrorists.html

۞۞۞

A three-year investigation in Iraq and Syria.

This report is the result of more than three years of field investigation into Islamic State supply chains. It presents an analysis of more than 40,000 items recovered from the group between 2014 and 2017. These items encompass weapons, ammunition, and the traceable components and chemical precursors used by the group to manufacture improvised explosive devices.

By Conflict Armament Research

December 2017

http://www.conflictarm.com/reports/weapons-of-the-islamic-state/

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2018۞۞۞

۞۞۞

America Quietly Starts Nation-Building in Parts of Syria

The U.S. has escalated its presence in the country, and has signaled no timetable for when it will end.

 

By Paul McLeary

January 18, 2018

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/01/nation-building-syria-rex-tillerson-speech/550796/

۞۞۞

Vorne-Verteidigung der westlichen Wertegemeinschaft in Syrien

Peds Ansichten

Februar 2018

https://peds-ansichten.de/2018/02/vorne-verteidigung-der-westlichen-wertegemeinschaft-in-syrien/

۞۞۞

Resisting Calls to ‘Do Something’ About Syria

By Caitlin Johnstone

February 28, 2018

https://consortiumnews.com/2018/02/28/resisting-calls-to-do-something-about-syria/

۞۞۞

Auflistung: Israelische Militäraggressionen gegen Syrien von 2012 bis 2018

Von Rainer Rupp

16. Februar 2018

https://deutsch.rt.com/meinung/65271-liste-israelische-militaeraggressionen-gegen-syrien-von-2012-bis-2018/

۞۞۞

Kriegsschauplätze in Syrien – Was wir über die östliche Ghouta, Afrin und das Euphrat-Tal wissen sollten

Von Karin Leukefeld

2. März 2018

http://www.nachdenkseiten.de/?p=42716

۞۞۞

„Lasst uns Syrien aufteilen!“

Ein diplomatisches Dokument entlarvt den US-Plan für Syrien. Exklusivabdruck aus der libanesischen Tageszeitung Al Akhbar.

Von Mohammad Ballout und Walid Scharara

Deutsche Bearbeitung durch Rubikons Weltredaktion

3. März 2018

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/lasst-uns-syrien-aufteilen

۞۞۞

Deutschland im Krieg. Die Bundesrepublik beteiligt sich an den Völkerrechtsverbrechen gegen Syrien.

Von Jens Bernert

14.3.2018

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/deutschland-im-krieg

۞۞۞

The (Largely Unrecognized) US Occupation of Syria

By Stephen Gowans

March 11, 2018

https://gowans.wordpress.com/2018/03/11/the-largely-unrecognized-us-occupation-of-syria/

۞۞۞

How We Were Misled About Syria: George Monbiot of The Guardian

By Tim Hyaward

April 11, 2018

https://timhayward.wordpress.com/2018/04/11/how-we-were-misled-about-syria-george-monbiot-of-the-guardian/

۞۞۞

Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage der Abgeordneten Helin Evrim Sommer, Gökay Akbulut, Michel Brandt, weiterer Abgeordneter und der Fraktion DIE LINKE. – Drucksache 19/1579 – Aktuelle humanitäre und soziale Lage der Bevölkerung in Afrin unter der türkischen Besatzung

11.5.2018

http://dipbt.bundestag.de/doc/btd/19/020/1902093.pdf

۞۞۞

End of mission statement of the Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights to the Syrian Arab Republic, 13 to 17 May 2018
May 2018
https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=23094&LangID=E

۞۞۞

Injury and death during the ISIS occupation of Mosul and its liberation: Results from a 40-cluster household survey

By Riyadh Lafta, Maha A. Al-Nuaimi, Gilbert Burnham

May 15, 2018

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002567

https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002567&type=printable

۞۞۞

Völkerrechtliche Bewertung der russischen, amerikanischen und israelischen Beteiligung am Syrienkonflikt

Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Deutschen Bundestages

WD 2 – 3000 – 048/18. Berlin

28.6.2018

https://www.bundestag.de/blob/563850/05f6dec762a939978c22a132ee680b9a/wd-2-029-18-pdf-data.pdf

۞۞۞

Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage der Abgeordneten Zaklin Nastic, Dr. Alexander S. Neu, Dr. Diether Dehm, weiterer Abgeordneter und der Fraktion DIE LINKE. – Drucksache 19/2360 – Die „Weißhelme“ in Syrien

25.6.2018

http://dipbt.bundestag.de/doc/btd/19/029/1902946.pdf

۞۞۞

Western States Salvage Terror Assets in Syria

By Finian Cunningham

July 24, 2018

https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2018/07/24/western-states-salvage-terror-assets-in-syria.html

۞۞۞

“Greater Israel” and the Balkanization of the Middle East: Oded Yinon’s “Strategy for Israel”

By Adeyinka Makinde

July 30, 2018

https://www.globalresearch.ca/greater-israel-and-the-balkanization-of-the-middle-east-oded-yinons-strategy-for-israel/5649059?utm_campaign=magnet&utm_source=article_page&utm_medium=related_articles

۞۞۞

Final statement by Iran, Russia and Turkey on the International Meeting on Syria, Sochi, July 30-31, 2018

http://www.mid.ru/ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/3310508?p_p_id=101_INSTANCE_cKNonkJE02Bw&_101_INSTANCE_cKNonkJE02Bw_languageId=en_GB

۞۞۞

I traced missile casings in Syria back to their original sellers, so it’s time for the west to reveal who they sell arms to

By Robert Fisk

July 23, 2018

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/syria-missile-arms-deals-west-us-uk-saudi-arabia-a8459731.html

۞۞۞

Der Krieg ist entschieden

Der Westen hat den Krieg in Syrien verloren.

Von Karin Leukefeld

25.8.2018

https://www.rubikon.news/artikel/der-krieg-ist-entschieden

۞۞۞

The Great Middle Eastern War of 2019

Maj. Nadav Ben Hour, IDF and Michael Eisenstadt

The Wahington Institute

August 20, 2018

https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/the-great-middle-eastern-war-of-2019

۞۞۞

Rechtsfragen einer etwaigen Beteiligung der Bundeswehr an möglichen Militärschlägen der Alliierten gegen das Assad-Regime in Syrien

Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Deutschen Bundestages

WD2-3000-130/18

10.9.2018

https://www.bundestag.de/blob/568586/e979e0a7348409ce22153522087b3813/wd-2-130-18-pdf-data.pdf

۞۞۞

Deutschland will einen „Platz an der Sonne“ und bei der Aufteilung Syriens ganz vorne mit dabei sein. Frieden schafft man so nicht.

Eine Analyse des Grundsatzartikels des SPD-Außenpolitik-Experten Mützenich zu Syrien

von Karin Leukefeld

1.10.2018

https://www.nachdenkseiten.de/?p=46325

۞۞۞

Mossul ein Jahr nach der „Befreiung“ 90.000 Tote durch Angriff der US-geführten Allianz

Von Joachim Guilliard

3.10.2018

https://jg-nachgetragen.blog/2018/10/03/mossul-ein-jahr-nach-der-befreiung/

۞۞۞

Gemeinsame Erklärung der Präsidenten der Republik Türkei, der Französischen Republik, der Russischen Föderation und der Bundeskanzlerin der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

27. Oktober 2018

https://www.bundeskanzlerin.de/bkin-de/aktuelles/gemeinsame-erklaerung-der-praesidenten-der-republik-tuerkei-der-franzoesischen-republik-der-russischen-foederation-und-der-bundeskanzlerin-der-bundesrepublik-deutschland-1542856

۞۞۞

Syrien, die Kurden und eine verkürzte Solidarität

Joachim Guilliard

10. November 2018

https://jg-nachgetragen.blog/2018/11/10/syrien-die-kurden-und-eine-verkuerzte-solidaritaet/#more-602

۞۞۞

„Eine Revolution adoptieren“

Wie die Bundesregierung die zivil-militärische Zusammenarbeit organisiert und dabei die Friedensbewegung lähmt.

Von Karin Leukefeld

Marxistische Blätter 6/2018: „Friedensfragen – Stand- und Streitpunkte“.

8.11.2018

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2018/11/leukefeld-1120181.pdf

۞۞۞

U.S.-Saudi Arabia Relations

By Council on Foreign Relations

Last updated December 7, 2018

https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/us-saudi-arabia-relations

۞۞۞

„Vernichtungskriege“ die verschleierte Brutalität des Krieges der US-Allianz in Syrien und Irak

Von Joachim Guilliard

Dezember 2018

https://jgnachgetragen.files.wordpress.com/2018/12/Vernichtungskriege_verheimlichte-Brutalit%C3%A4t_US-Allianz_Syrien_Irak.pdf

update 6.1.2019:

https://jgnachgetragen.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/vernichtungskriege_verheimlichte-brutalitaet_us-allianz_syrien_irak.pdf

۞۞۞

Der Syrienkrieg: Dimension – Hintergründe – Perspektiven

Eine Publikation von IPPNW Deutschland

Dezember 2018

http://www.ippnw.de/commonFiles/pdfs/Frieden/Akzente_Syrien_web.pdf

۞۞۞

Poker im Nahen Osten

Peds Ansichten

24. Dezember 2018

https://peds-ansichten.de/2018/12/trump-us-truppen-syrien-sdf-erdogan-frankreich/

۞۞۞

۞۞۞ 2019۞۞۞

۞۞۞

The Secret Logistics of America’s Global Deep State

Why is America’s Baghdad Embassy the world’s largest embassy — and the largest by far?

By Eric Zuesse

January 10, 2019

https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2019/01/10/secret-logistics-of-america-global-deep-state.html

۞۞۞

Reporter Sharmine Narwani on the secret history of America’s defeat in Syria

By Patrick Lawrence

April 21, 2019

https://www.salon.com/2019/04/21/reporter-sharmine-narwani-on-the-secret-history-of-americas-defeat-in-syria/

۞۞۞

Turkey Will Get a Chunk of Syria: An Advantage of Being in NATO

By Eric Zuesse

July 14, 2019

http://thesaker.is/42620-2/

۞۞۞

Irak Zwei Jahre nach dem Sieg über den „Islamischen Staat“

Von Joachim Guilliard

IMI-Analyse 2019/31

1.10. 2019

http://www.imi-online.de/2019/10/01/irak-%e2%80%92-zwei-jahre-nach-dem-sieg-ueber-den-islamischen-staat/

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil6.pdf

۞۞۞

The Rise of the Right

By John Bellamy Foster and Farooque Chowdhury

Monthly Review

Volume 71, Issue 05 (October 2019)

https://monthlyreview.org/2019/10/01/the-rise-of-the-right/

۞۞۞

Das große Spiel der Nationen im Norden Syriens

Von Karin Leukefeld

10.10.2019

https://deutsch.rt.com/der-nahe-osten/93358-grosse-spiel-nationen-im-norden/

۞۞۞

Around the halls: Brookings experts’ reactions to Turkey’s incursion into Syria

Amanda Sloat, Kemal Kirişci, Michael E. O’Hanlon, Ömer Taşpınar, Jeffrey Feltman, and Suzanne Maloney

October 10, 2019

https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2019/10/10/around-the-halls-brookings-experts-reactions-to-turkeys-incursion-into-syria/

۞۞۞

Averting an ISIS Resurgence in Iraq and Syria

International Crisis Group

Middle East Report N°207

October 11, 2019

https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/syria/207-averting-isis-resurgence-iraq-and-syria

۞۞۞

Europe’s Failure in Syria

By Eldar Mamedov

October 16, 2019

https://lobelog.com/europes-failure-in-syria/

۞۞۞

Winners and Losers in the Turkish attack on Kurds in Syria

By Elijah J Magnier

Part 1

October 15, 2019

https://ejmagnier.com/2019/10/15/winners-and-losers-in-the-turkish-attack-on-kurds-in-syria-part-1of-3/

Part 2

October 16, 2019

https://ejmagnier.com/2019/10/16/winners-and-losers-in-the-turkish-attack-on-kurds-in-syria-part-2-of-3/

Part 3

October 17, 2019

https://ejmagnier.com/2019/10/17/winners-and-losers-in-the-turkish-attack-on-the-kurds-in-syria-part-3-of-3/

۞۞۞

Die Sanktionen gegen Syrien und die Kirchen in Deutschland

Von Bernd Duschner

16.10.2019

http://www.nrhz.de/flyer/beitrag.php?id=26266

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/isil12.pdf

۞۞۞

Expert Panel Finds Gaping Plot Holes In OPCW Report On Alleged Syrian Chemical Attack

By Caitlin Johnstone

October 25, 2019

https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2019/10/25/expert-panel-finds-gaping-plot-holes-in-opcw-report-on-alleged-syrian-chemical-attack/

۞۞۞

Camp Bucca, Abu Ghraib and the Rise of Extremism in Iraq

By Kathy Kelly

October 28, 2019

https://dissidentvoice.org/2019/10/camp-bucca-abu-ghraib-and-the-rise-of-extremism-in-iraq/

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