Sonne der Mitternacht

Sonne der Mitternacht

Ein Gedicht von Nader Naderpour  (1929-2000)

Teheran, Ende November 1978

Sinngemäße Übersetzung aus dem Persischen von Afsane Bahar

 

 

۞۞۞

1

Der Mann sagte:

„Die Sonne wird in jener Ecke aufgehen.“

(Er zeigte mit seiner Fingerspitze auf einen Punkt.)

Wir blickten in jener Richtung:

ein roter Punkt brannte in der vernebelten Ferne der Nacht.

Der Mann sagte:

„Die Sonne wird ab jetzt nicht mehr der alte Wüstenwanderer sein,

der die Morgenröte mit dem Abendrot verbindet,

sondern er wird ein groß gewachsener Jüngling sein mit schmaler Taille,

mit Weizen farbenem Haar und goldenen Augen,

der ein Seidenkleid trägt so rein und klar wie Salz und Licht,

der eine Halbkrone aufgesetzt hat wie der Kamm von Wiedehopfen,

der Stiefeln angezogen hat, roter als Entenfüße,

der ein Pferd reitet und nicht rastet,

um euch zum Besichtigen der Welt aufzurufen.

In meiner Vorstellung sah ich die ganze junge Sonne,

das Entzücken der Begegnung war so groß, dass ich weinte …

2

Obwohl wir sahen, dass die Nacht durch und durch dunkel war,

sagte der Mann: „Jenes Wunder ist nah.“

So blickten wir nochmal in der Richtung, die er zeigte:

auf einmal entfachte der Blitz ein Feuer an jenem versprochenen Ort,

ein Teil der dunklen Nacht verbrannte in jenem blutigen Feuer.

Ein Greis trat aus der Flamme heraus:

unter seinem Hut, der der jüdischen Hauptbedeckung glich,

verbreitete er das Haar wie Stroh um seinen Kopf,

er trug einen Ghaba,*

der den Sklaven der vergangenen Zeiten gehörte,

sein fetter Körper war klein,

sein roter, zorniger Blick war weinend,

sein lahmes Bein war wie bei jenem alten Wüstenwanderer nackt,

seine verbrannte Klaue war voller Blut.

Im Horizont weilte er ein Moment wie der erste Morgen,

danach machte er eine Kehrtwende.

Wir alle sahen die falsche Sonne in der Mitternacht,

das Weinen war so heftig, dass ich lachte …

۞۞۞

 

Anmerkung

*  Ghaba ist eine lange Männerbekleidung im Iran.

۞۞۞

Druckversion: sonne-der-mitternacht

Jaleh Esfahani, Dichterin der Zuversicht und Hoffnung

Jaleh Esfahani

Dichterin der Zuversicht und Hoffnung

 

Am 29.12.2011 wurde in Zusammenarbeit mit Herrn Andreas Schmidt im Rahmen der Schriftenreihe „Bilder gegen den Krieg. Momentaufnahmen aus dem Iran“ bei der FriedensTreiberAgentur (FTA) ein Text über die iranische Dichterin Jaleh Esfahani veröffentlicht. Bei der vorliegenden Schrift handelt es sich um eine verkürzte Version.

۞۞۞

Die iranische Dichterin Etel Soltani, die ab ihrem 13. Lebensjahr unter dem Pseudonym Jaleh Gedichte verfasste und auf dem ersten Kongress der iranischen Schriftsteller im Jahre 1946 in Teheran als Jaleh Esfahani vorgestellt wurde (1), gehörte zu den Menschen, die trotz vielfältiger Schicksalsschläge und der augenscheinlichen Macht der Gegner einer gerechten Welt trotzend aus gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung den Sinn für Ästhetik und Zuversicht schärften. Zur Anfertigung des vorliegenden Textes dienten unter anderem ihre Autobiographie „Schatten der Jahre“, die 1999 in London fertig gestellt und im Jahr 2000 in Deutschland veröffentlicht wurde, sowie ihre Gedichtsammlung „Abbildung der Welt“ aus dem Jahre 1981 (2,3).

weiterlesen: jaleh-esfahani-dichterin-der-hoffnung

Bilder gegen den Krieg Momentaufnahmen aus dem Iran

Die Textreihe „Bilder gegen den Krieg. Momentaufnahmen aus dem Iran“ entstand in den Jahren 2009 bis 2011 und wurde mit vielseitiger Unterstützung meines Anfang 2012  verstorbenen Freundes, Wolfgang Kuhlmann, bei seiner FriedensTreiberAgentur (FTA) veröffentlicht.

Der erste Beitrag im September 2009 begann mit der folgenden Einführung:

Es ist Anfang Oktober. Die Temperaturen sind für die deutschen Verhältnisse recht sommerlich. Wir fahren nach Igol. In dem Auto, in dem ich sitze, sind meine Kusine, ihr vierzehn jähriger Sohn, ihr Mann und mein Vetter. Es sind weitere drei Autos unterwegs. Wir haben auch kleine Kinder – zwei, sechs und zehn Jahre alt – bei uns. Eigentlich ist Igol der Name einer kleinen Ortschaft in der Nähe von Teheran im Elburs-Gebirge, oder so wie die Iraner es aussprechen: „Albors“. Wir werden aber mit der hügeligen Umgebung dieser Ortschaft was zu tun haben. Geplant ist eine Wanderung zu einem wunderschönen Wasserfall. Die Vegetation ist im Vergleich zu Deutschland relativ karg, der Herbst hat aber eine prachtvolle Tracht vorbereitet und ich fange an, die Seele baumeln zu lassen. Doch eine Sache stört mich auch an diesem ruhigen, Ruhe spendenden Tag trotz der wohltuenden Geborgenheit in der Großfamilie. Das ist die tief sitzende Angst vor einem neuen Krieg.

Das Zauberwort heißt „Dämonisieren“ bzw. „Entmenschlichen“. So fängt jeder Krieg an, längst bevor die Waffen sprechen. In diesem Sinne ist der Krieg gegen den Iran voll im Gange. Die iranischen Demagogen an den Machthebeln sitzend tun auch ihr Bestes dazu, Futter für diese Propagandaschlacht zu liefern. Wenn Menschenleben nicht auf dem Plan stünde, könnte man sagen, es ist ein trauriges Spiel, was da getrieben wird. Da jedoch die Bevölkerung den Preis mit allen erdenklichen Mitteln zahlen wird, ist das Adjektiv makaber besser angebracht.

Ich denke darüber nach, ob ich dem deutschen Leser es vermitteln kann, dass im Iran Menschen leben mit ähnlichen Sorgen, Wünschen und Beschäftigungen. Die Informationen in deutschen Medien erzeugen oft nur ein verzerrtes Bild von den wahren Gegebenheiten im Iran. Hat man jedoch einmal begriffen, dass bei der Berichtserstattung über Kriege hinter den Fernsehbildern Menschenleben stecken, so wird man hoffentlich einmal mehr über den Sinn und Unsinn von Waffeneinsätzen nachdenken. Das ganze bespreche ich mit meinen Angehörigen und Bekannten. Im weiteren Verlauf wird ein Projekt entworfen. Meine Erinnerungen und die Beiträge meiner Bekannten sollen Bilder gegen den Krieg liefern, Momentaufnahmen aus dem Iran zur Friedensstiftung.

۞۞۞

Band I

Bilder gegen den Krieg Band I

erschienen 2009 / 2010

۞

Band II

Bilder gegen den Krieg Band II

erschienen 2010 / 2011 bei


FriedensTreiberAgentur

Wolfgang Kuhlmann

40591 Düsseldorf

Economic Sanctions Against Iran (updated January 2014)

۞۞۞ 2002 ۞۞۞

• The mechanism of economic sanctions: Changing perceptions and euphemisms
By Elias Davidsson. March 20, 2002 (Rev. November 2003)

http://www.aldeilis.net/english/attachments/2877_econsanc-debate.pdf#page=1&zoom=auto,0,842

۞۞۞ 2005 ۞۞۞

• Human rights protection in a globalized economy.
By Elias Davidsson. January, 2005

http://www.aldeilis.net/english/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=153&Itemid=364

۞۞۞ 2010 ۞۞۞

• Das Sanktionsregime gegen Iran: Entstehungsgeschichte und Auswirkungen
Ali Fathollah-Nejad in INAMO. Oktober 2010

http://www.linksnet.de/de/artikel/26097

۞۞۞ 2012 ۞۞۞

• When will the Killing War in Iran Begin? It Already Has
By Stephen Gowans

http://gowans.wordpress.com/2012/11/03/when-will-the-killing-war-in-iran-begin-it-already-has/

۞۞۞

• Key Reasons against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran
Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran (CASMII). January 21, 2012

http://www.campaigniran.org/casmii/?q=node/12085

http://www.campaigniran.org/casmii/files/Fact-Sheets-03-03-2012.pdf

۞۞۞

• Sanctions Will Kill Tens of Thousands of Iranians
By Muhammad Sahimi. August 09, 2012

http://original.antiwar.com/sahimi/2012/08/08/sanctions-will-kill-tens-of-thousands-of-iranians/

۞۞۞

• U.S., EU sanctions have endangered lives of Iranian patients: Iranian hemophilia society
August 11, 2012

http://www.tehrantimes.com/politics/100481-us-eu-sanctions-have-endangered-lives-of-iranian-patients-iranian-hemophilia-society

۞۞۞

• Taking It Out on the Kids (Again): US Sanctions on Iran are Hurting the Young and the Sick
By Dave Lindorff. August 12, 2012

http://www.thiscantbehappening.net/node/1277

۞۞۞

• On Economic Sanctions and Threats of War Against Iran. Interview with Leah Bolger, President of Veterans for Peace
August 17, 2012

http://karzar.org/English/?p=1283

۞۞۞

• Iran Sanctions Now Causing Food Insecurity, Mass Suffering
By Glenn Greenwald. October 9, 2012

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article32701.htm

۞۞۞

• Sanctions, Military Strikes, and Other Potential Actions Against Iran.
By Charles P. Blair and Mark Jansson
Federation of American Scientists. FAS Special Report. November 2012

http://www.fas.org/_docs/2012_Iran_and_Global_Economy.pdf

۞۞۞

• New Study Outlines Impact of Broad Sanctions on Iranian Americans
By National Iranian American Council (NIAC). November 20, 2012

http://www.niacouncil.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=8703&security=1&news_iv_ctrl=1061

۞۞۞

• The Political Trial of a Caring Man and the End of Justice in America
By John Pilger. November 07, 2012

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article32967.htm

۞۞۞

• The Human Cost of Iran Sanctions: Have Americans Really Learned Anything from the Iraq War?
By Flynt Leverett and Hillary Mann Leverett. December 2012

http://www.raceforiran.com/the-human-cost-of-iran-sanctions-have-americans-really-learned-anything-from-the-iraq-war

۞۞۞

• Iraqi Children Genocide
By Francis Boyle. December 3, 2012

http://mwcnews.net/focus/analysis/23248-francisboyle-iraqi-children.html

۞۞۞

• The Impact of Sanctions on Iranian Society and Artists
By Mehrnaz Shahabi. December 10, 2012

http://www.fairobserver.com/article/impact-sanctions-iranian-society-and-artists

۞۞۞

• America’s Power Game: Iranian People Victims of US Economic Sanctions
By Kourosh Ziabari. December 13, 2012

http://www.globalresearch.ca/americas-power-game-iranian-people-victims-of-us-economic-sanctions/5315555

۞۞۞

• Sanctions: Silent War
By Sanaz Sohrabi. December 2012

۞۞۞

• Western Sanctions and the War Against Iran’s Public Health
December 13, 2012

http://tv.globalresearch.ca/2012/12/western-sanctions-and-war-against-irans-public-health

۞۞۞ 2013 ۞۞۞

• Warum Sanktionen den Tyrannen helfen. Seit dreißig Jahren sieht der Westen in Sanktionen ein Wundermittel gegen Despoten. Doch das Beispiel Iran zeigt, dass so deren Macht noch gefestigt wird.
Von Ali Fathollah-Nejad. 03.01.2013

http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/iran-warum-sanktionen-den-tyrannen-helfen-12012325.html

۞۞۞

• New Iran sanctions target industry in bid for deal curbing nuclear program
By Joby Warrick. January 7, 2013

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/new-iran-sanctions-target-industry-in-bid-for-deal-curbing-nuclear-program/2013/01/06/e6a8735e-56b4-11e2-8b9e-dd8773594efc_story.html

۞۞۞

• Understanding Iran under Sanctions: Oil and the National Budget
By William Young and Alireza Hajihosseini. The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. January 2013

http://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Understanding-Iran-Under-Sanctions-Oil-and-the-National-Budget.pdf

۞۞۞

• Iran unable to get life-saving drugs due to international sanctions
By Julian Borger and Saeed Kamali Dehghan. January 13, 2013

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jan/13/iran-lifesaving-drugs-international-sanctions?CMP=twt_gu

۞۞۞

• New Push in U.S. for Tougher Sanctions, War Threats Against Iran
By Jim Lobe. January 16, 2013

http://www.lobelog.com/new-push-in-u-s-for-tougher-sanctions-war-threats-against-iran/

۞۞۞

• Electronic Sanctions: Targeting Iran’s Media, Preventing Iranians from Using the Internet
By Kourosh Ziabari. January 16, 2013

http://www.globalresearch.ca/electronic-sanctions-targeting-irans-media-preventing-iranians-from-using-the-internet/5319110

۞۞۞

• Who is Responsible for Medicine Shortages in Iran?
By Farideh Farhi. January 21, 2013

http://www.lobelog.com/who-is-responsible-for-medicine-shortages-in-iran/

۞۞۞

• US-led economic sanctions strangle Iran’s drug supply
By Dara Mohammadi.
The Lancet, Volume 381, Issue 9863, Page 279. January 26,2013

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2960116-6/fulltext

http://download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673613601166.pdf

۞۞۞

•Obama & Iranian Children with cancer
January 2013

۞۞۞

• Deadly Impacts of US Sponsored Sanctions on Iran. „Iranian Mothers for Peace“ Alert the World on Sanctions and Shortage of Medicines.
By Mehrnaz Shahabi. February 2, 2013

http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2013/ms010213.html

۞۞۞

• US Officials Confess to Targeting Iran’s Civilian Population
By Franklin Lamb. February 2013

http://www.almanar.com.lb/english/adetails.php?eid=82171&frid=41&seccatid=101&cid=41&fromval=1

۞۞۞

• Sanctions and Medical Supply Shortages in Iran
By Siamak Namazi (Dubai-based consultant and former Public Policy Scholar, Woodrow Wilson Center). February 2013

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/sanctions_medical_supply_shortages_in_iran.pdf

۞۞۞

• Organizations Call for Obama to Allow Medicine and Humanitarian Trade with Iran
By National Iranian American Council (NIAC). February 7, 2013

http://www.niacouncil.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=8933&security=1&news_iv_ctrl=-1

http://fcnl.org/issues/iran/coalition_calls_on_obama_not_to_block_food_medicine_to_iran/index.html

۞۞۞

• Pepe Escobar on the U.S. Economic War Against Iran
By Kourosh Ziabari. February 19, 2013

http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2013/02/19/pepe-escobar-on-the-u-s-economic-war-against-iran/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+ForeignPolicyJournal+%28Foreign+Policy+Journal%29

۞۞۞

• Obama & Iranian Children with Cancer. Patients in Iran are dying of treatable diseases because of shortages in life-saving medicines.
By Siamak namazi. March 19, 2013

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article34343.htm?utm_source=ICH%3A+Syria+%27Chemical+Attack%22+Video++&utm_campaign=FIRST&utm_medium=email

۞۞۞

• “Never give in and never give up”. The Impact of Sanctions on Tehran’s Nuclear Calculations
By Bijan Khajehpour, Reza Marashi and Trita Parsi. National Iranian American Council (NIAC). March 2013

http://www.niacouncil.org/site/DocServer/Never_give_in__never_give_up.pdf?docID=1941

۞۞۞

• US moves toward full Iran trade embargo
By Jim Lobe. May 23, 2013

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/MID-01-230513.html

۞۞۞

• Sanctions against Iran. Like a Slow Poison Injected into Society
By Ali Fathollah-Nejad. June 24, 2013

http://en.qantara.de/Like-a-Slow-Poison-Injected-into-Society/21211c23727i0p9/index.html

۞۞۞

• The myth of benign sanctions against Iran
By Ali Fathollah-Nejad. July 2, 2013

http://972mag.com/the-myth-of-benign-sanctions-against-iran/74907/

۞۞۞

• The Effects of The Economic Sanctions Against Iran
By Mina Khanlarzadeh. July 26, 2013

http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/13200/the-effects-of-the-economic-sanctions-against-iran

۞۞۞

• Don’t force an irresponsible vote on Iran sanctions
By Gen. Joseph Hoar, Col. Lawrence Wilkerson and Trita Parsi. July 25, 2013

http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/foreign-policy/313337-dont-force-an-irresponsible-vote-on-iran-sanctions

۞۞۞

• The West is a career: Linking Rouhani’s election to US sanctions.
By Hamid Dabashi, July 31, 2013

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/07/20137301153043370.html

۞۞۞

• Iranian political prisoners‘ plea to Barack Obama: the full letter
Exclusive: More than 50 prominent political prisoners reach out to US president, asking him to seize ‚last chance‘ for detente.
August, 2013

http://www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2013/aug/08/iran-political-prisoners-letter-to-obama

۞۞۞

• Barbaric US-led sanctions killing Iranian children (In a letter to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, President of Iran’s Academy of Medical Sciences Dr. Alireza Marandi has blasted Washington for exacting sadistic revenge on Iranian children through their inhuman sanctions against the nation.)
August 21, 2013

http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/08/21/319743/sadistic-us-bans-slaying-iran-children/

۞۞۞ 2014 ۞۞۞

• Iranian stars petition UN over medicine shortages
By Saeed Kamali Dehghan; January 7, 2014

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/07/iranian-stars-petition-un-medicine-shortages-sanctions?CMP=twt_gu

http://pprotest.com/en/manifesto/

۞۞۞

The Coup. 1953, the CIA, and the roots of modern U.S.-Iranian relations. By Ervand Abrahamian

The Coup. 1953, the CIA, and the roots of modern U.S.-Iranian relations.
By Ervand Abrahamian*
ISBN: 978-1-59558-826-5
The New Press, New York, 2013

۞۞۞

page 2 to 5:

«… Much has been written on the 1953 Coup. Much has also been written on the 1951-53 oil crisis. One could well ask, So why yet another book on the same topics? The aim of the present book is to challenge on two separate grounds the conventional wisdom established by previous works. First, it questions the conventional notion that the British negotiated in good faith, the United States made serious attempts to act as an honest broker, and Mossadeq failed to reach a compromise because of his intransigence – traced invariability to his presumed “psychological makeup” and Shi’i “martyrdom complex”… »

«… The present book counterargues that compromise was unattainable simply because at the very core of the dispute lay the blunt questions of who would control the oil industry – its exploration, production, extraction, and exportation? Would control be in the hands of Iran or the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company – or, possibly, a consortium of large oil companies known at the time as Seven Sisters? For Iran, nationalization meant sovereign control. For the oil companies, Iranian nationalization meant loss of Western control – something deemed unacceptable in the early 1950s. Pseudonationalization – nationalization in form but not in substance, in theory but not in practice – although heralded far and wide as a “fair compromise” by both the British and the Americans was in reality at best a meaningless oxymoron and at worst a deceptive smokescreen. In the years 1951 through 1953 neither the British nor the Americans were in any way willing to accept real oil nationalization.

Second, this book questions the conventional wisdom that places the coup squarely and solidly within the context of the Cold War – within the conflict between East and West, between the Soviet Union and the United States, between the Communist Bloc and the so-called Free World… »

«… This book, by contrast, will try to locate the coup firmly inside the conflict between imperialism and nationalism, between First and Third Worlds, between North and South, between developed industrial economies and underdeveloped countries dependent on exporting raw materials. Since the issue at stake was oil, the book argues the United States had as much invested in the crisis as did Britain. The United States, thus, participated in the coup not so much because of the danger of communism as the repercussions that oil nationalization could have on such faraway places as Indonesia and South America, not to mention the rest of Persian Gulf. Control over oil production did eventually pass from Western companies to local states in the early 1970s, but such a loss was deemed unacceptable in the early 1950s. Some may remain nostalgic for the “good old days” when production, of oil and therefore its price was safe in the hands of the major companies – and thus free from such “irresponsible cartels” as OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries). They would love to save so-called rentier states from the “curse of oil”. Such nostalgia, however far-fetched now, was part and parcel of reality until just before the emergence of campaigns to nationalize oil. And this campaign in the Middle East was spearheaded by Mossadeq.

This book will argue that although the United States and the UK used the language of the Cold War – the dominant discourse of the time – to justify the coup, their main concern was not so much about communism as about the dangerous repercussions that oil nationalization could have throughout the world. It was precisely because of this that many Iranians admired – and continue to admire – Mossadeq. They see him as a national idol, equating him with Gandhi in India, Nasser in Egypt, Sukarno in Indonesia, Tito in Yugoslavia, Nkrumah in Ghana, and Lumumba in the Congo. In the age of anticolonial nationalism after World War II, Mossadeq, together with Gandhi and Nasser, appeared as trailblazers in the Third World. They remain so to the present day… »

۞۞۞

Contents

(page) / subject

(ix) Preface

(xi) Chronology

(xv) Leading Personalities

(1) Introduction

(9) 1. Oil Nationalization
– (9) Origins
– (31) Mossadeq
– (48) Nationalization Campaign
– (64) The Oil Strike
– (74) Premier Mossadeq

(81) 2. Anglo-Iranian Negotiations
– (81) Control
– (108) The Hague (May – June)
– (113) Harriman Mission (July)
– (117) Stokes Mission (August)
– (123) Mission to the UN and the United States (October – November)
– (131) The Seventeenth Majles
– (138) July Uprising

(149) 3. The Coup
– (149) Preparations
– (161) Economic Pressures
– (170) The Coup Plan
– (183) Counterfeit Revolt
– (199) Coverage

(205) 4. Legacy

(227) Notes

(259) Bibliography

(265) Index

۞۞۞

* Ervand Abrahamian (1940 – ) is a leading historian of the Middle Eastern. He was born in Iran and raised in England. Abrahamian received his M.A. at Oxford University and his Ph.D. at Columbia University. He is a distinguished professor of history at the City University of New York.

Further books:

Iran between two revolutions (Princeton University Press, 1982)

The Iranian Mojahedin (Yale University Press, 1989)

Khomeinism (University of California Press, 1993)

Tortured confessions. Prisons and public recantations in modern Iran (University of California Press, 1999)

Inventing the Axis of Evil. The Truth about North Korea, Iran, and Syria (Bruce Cumings, Ervand Abrahamian, and Moshe Ma’oz; 2005)

A history of modern Iran (Cambridge University Press, 2008)

۞۞۞

see also:

CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup

۞۞۞

see also:

A conversation with Professor Ervand Abrahamian on the CIA coup of 1953 – Part 1

http://www.ifttv.com/interview-dr-abrahamian-1953-coup-iran/

Iranian Nuclear Issue (updated December 2017)

Context of ‚1975: Ford Administration Backs Iran’s Nuclear Plans‘
The Center for Grassroots Oversight

http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=us_plans_to_use_military_force_against_iran_875&scale=2&printerfriendly=true

۞۞۞

Advertisement from the 1970s by American nuclear-power companies.

http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/nuclear-weapons/history/prez_policies/ford/ford_events.htm

۞۞۞ 1997 ۞۞۞

• Model protocol additional to the agreement(s) between state(s) and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards
International Atomic Energy Agency. 1997

https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/infcirc540.pdf

Conclusion of Additional Protocols: Status as of 14 May 2015

https://www.iaea.org/safeguards/documents/AP_status_list.pdf

۞۞۞ 2005 ۞۞۞

• Past Arguments Don’t Square With Current Iran Policy
By Dafna Linzer. March 27, 2005

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A3983-2005Mar26.html

۞۞۞ 2006 ۞۞۞

• What the Iran ’nuclear issue‘ is really about
by Chris Cook; January 2006

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/HA21Ak01.html

۞۞۞

• U.S. endorsed Iranian plans to build massive nuclear energy industry. Cheney Rumsfeld & Wolfowitz behind Iran Nuclear Program initiated during Ford Administration
By Ed Haas. March 06, 2006

http://www.globalresearch.ca/u-s-endorsed-iranian-plans-to-build-massive-nuclear-energy-industry/2067

۞۞۞

• Iran’s Nuclear Program: The Way Out
By Hassan Rohani. May 09, 2006

http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1192435,00.html#ixzz2WVYE5eUU

۞۞۞ 2007 ۞۞۞

2003 Memo Says Iranian Leaders Backed Talks
By Glenn Kessler
Washington Post; February 14, 2007

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/13/AR2007021301363_pf.html

۞۞۞

Iran’s Proposal for a ‘Grand Bargain’
By Nicholas D. Kristof; April 28, 2007

http://kristof.blogs.nytimes.com/2007/04/28/irans-proposal-for-a-grand-bargain/?_r=0

۞۞۞

• Iran’s not-so-hidden enrichment program
By Cyrus Safdari. December 13, 2007

http://www.iranaffairs.com/iran_affairs/2007/12/irans-not-so-hi.html

۞۞۞

• Iran in the Eye of Storm: Backgrounds of a Global Crisis
By Ali Fathollah-Nejad

http://fathollah-nejad.com/index.php/2007/07/iran-storm/

http://www.uni-muenster.de/PeaCon/psr/pn/Iran%20in%20the%20Eye%20of%20Storm%20_Fathollah-Nejad_.pdf

۞۞۞

• Inquiry into ‚Iran’s Nuclear Programme‘
Memorandum from Elahe Mohtasham. Senior Research Associate at the Foreign Policy Centre in London. Submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the United Kingdom Parliament. June 2007

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmfaff/memo/496/ucm1002.htm

http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmfaff/142/142.pdf

۞۞۞

• Iran: Nuclear Intentions and Capabilities. National Intelligence Estimate.
By the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. November 2007

http://www.dni.gov/files/documents/Newsroom/Reports%20and%20Pubs/20071203_release.pdf

۞۞۞ 2008 ۞۞۞

• Iran: Assessing U.S. Strategic Options
By James N. Miller, Christine Parthemore, Kurt M. Campbell. September 2008
Center for a New American Century

http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/publications/MillerParthemoreCampbell_Iran%20Assessing%20US%20Strategy_Sept08.pdf

۞۞۞ 2009 ۞۞۞

• U.S.-Iran Nuclear Negotiations in 1970s Featured Shah’s Nationalism and U.S. Weapons Worries. Newly Declassified Documents Reveal Remarkable Continuity with Today’s U.S.-Iran Nuclear Controversy.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 268.
Edited by William Burr. January 2009

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nukevault/ebb268/index.htm

۞۞۞

• Which Path to Persia? Options for a New American Strategy toward Iran
By Kenneth M. Pollack, Daniel L. Byman, Martin Indyk, Suzanne Maloney, Michael E. O’Hanlon, Bruce Riedel
The Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. Analysis Paper Number 20, June 2009

http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2009/6/iran%20strategy/06_iran_strategy.pdf

۞۞۞ 2010 ۞۞۞

• Das Sanktionsregime gegen Iran: Entstehungsgeschichte und Auswirkungen
Ali Fathollah-Nejad in INAMO. Oktober 2010

http://www.linksnet.de/de/artikel/26097

۞۞۞

• Nuclear fuel declaration by Iran, Turkey and Brazil
May 2010

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8686728.stm

http://www.theguardian.com/world/julian-borger-global-security-blog/2010/may/17/iran-brazil-turkey-nuclear

۞۞۞

• Brazil, Turkey Broker Fuel Swap With Iran
By Peter Crail; June 2010

http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2010_06/FuelSwap

۞۞۞

• The Iran Nuclear „Alleged Studies“ Documents: The Evidence of Fraud
By Gareth Porter
Middle East Policy. Volume 17, Issue 4, pages 23–39, Winter 2010

http://www.mepc.org/journal/middle-east-policy-archives/iran-nuclear-alleged-studies-documents?print

۞۞۞ 2011 ۞۞۞

• Iran and the bomb. How real is the nuclear threat?
By Seymour M. Hersh. June 6, 2011

http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/06/06/110606fa_fact_hersh

۞۞۞

• For obscure Iranian exile group, broad support in U.S.
By Scott Shane. November 26, 2011

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/27/us/politics/lobbying-support-for-iranian-exile-group-crosses-party-lines.html?pagewanted=all

۞۞۞

• Iran Has a Nuclear Power, Not a Weapons Program
Clinton Bastin, a nuclear scientist, chemical engineer, and former Department of Energy official, was interviewed on the recent IAEA report on Iran’s nuclear program. Science & Technology EIR December 2, 2011

http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/Articles_2011/Bastin_Interview.pdf

۞۞۞ 2012 ۞۞۞

• A Conference for Security and Cooperation in the Middle East
By Ali Fathollah-Nejad. January 2012

http://archive.atlantic-community.org/index/articles/view/A_Conference_for_Security_and_Cooperation_in_the_Middle_East

۞۞۞

• Nuclear Free Middle East: Desirable, Necessary, and Impossible
By Richard Falk. Januray 2012

http://richardfalk.wordpress.com/2012/01/28/nuclear-free-middle-east-desirable-necessary-and-impossible/

۞۞۞

• Avoiding Another „Long War“: Intelligence Officials Reveal „Dubious“ IAEA Report on Iran’s Alleged Nuclear Weapons Program
By Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity, January 5, 2012

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=28515

۞۞۞

• Key Reasons against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran
Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran (CASMII). January 21, 2012

http://www.campaigniran.org/casmii/?q=node/12085

http://www.campaigniran.org/casmii/files/Fact-Sheets-03-03-2012.pdf

۞۞۞

• Dossier Ib. Iran-Verhandlungen. Legitimation für einen Angriffskrieg?
Andreas Buro und Clemens Ronnefeldt. Oktober 2012

http://www.friedenskooperative.de/gifs/dossier1b.pdf

۞۞۞

• AP, George Jahn, and the Fake Diagram for Iran’s Bomb
By Muhammad Sahimi, November 30, 2012

http://original.antiwar.com/sahimi/2012/11/29/ap-george-jahn-and-the-fake-diagram-for-irans-bomb/

۞۞۞

• Ten Reasons Iran Doesn’t Want the Bomb
Seyed Hossein Mousavian. December 4, 2012

http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/ten-reasons-iran-doesnt-want-the-bomb-7802

۞۞۞ 2013 ۞۞۞

• “International Lawifying” the Supreme Leader’s Fatwa
By Dan JoynerPosted. January 17, 2013

http://armscontrollaw.com/2013/01/17/international-lawifying-the-supreme-leaders-fatwa/

۞۞۞

• Half-Truths, Non-Truths & the Phony Objectivity of the Associated Press
By Nima Shirazi. January 20, 2013

http://www.wideasleepinamerica.com/2013/01/when-fact-becomes-opinion.html

۞۞۞

• Rethinking Iran: Does the Islamic Republic Really Want Nuclear Weapons?
By Sungtae “Jacky” Park. February 3, 2013

http://www.iar-gwu.org/node/458#comment-2176

۞۞۞

• Iran centrifuge magnet story technically questionable
By Yousaf Butt. February 20, 2013

http://www.thebulletin.org/web-edition/op-eds/iran-centrifuge-magnet-story-technically-questionable

۞۞۞

• A Graphic Distraction. Unanswered questions about an unsourced scientific graph purportedly evincing an Iranian nuclear weapons program warrants caution by the arms control community, the media, and the IAEA.
By Yousaf Butt and Ferenc Dalnoki-Veress . February 5, 2013

http://wmdjunction.com/130205_graphic_distraction_iran_iaea.htm

۞۞۞

• The Talented Mr. Takeyh. Why Doesn’t the Council on Foreign Relations Fellow Like Flynt and Hillary Mann Leverett?
By Nima Shirazi , February 8, 2013

http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2013/02/08/the-talented-mr-takeyh/0/

۞۞۞

• Atomic Kingdom: If Iran Builds the Bomb, Will Saudi Arabia Be Next?
Dr. Colin H. Kahl, Melissa Dalton. Februarry 19, 2013

http://www.cnas.org/atomickingdom

http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/publications/CNAS_AtomicKingdom_Kahl.pdf

۞۞۞

• ‘Iran can’t covertly produce atomic bomb’ – US intelligence chief
March 12, 2013

http://rt.com/news/iran-bomb-clapper-assessment-174/

۞۞۞

• Iran’s Nuclear Odessy by Vaez and Sadjadpour
By Cyrus Safdari, April 19, 2013

http://www.iranaffairs.com/iran_affairs/2013/04/irans-nuclear-odessy-by-vaez-and-sadjadpour.html

۞۞۞

• Peter Oborne: How the US messed up a chance for peace with Iran…again.
By Cyrus Safdari; April 22, 2013

http://www.iranaffairs.com/iran_affairs/2013/04/peter-oborne-how-the-us-messed-up-a-chance-for-peace-with-iranagain.html

۞۞۞

• The Media & Iran’s Nuclear Program: An analysis of U.S. and U.K. coverage, 2009-2012
CISSM Project Manager Jonas Siegel and Saranaz Barforoush
The study analyzes over 1,200 articles, editorials and opinion commentary pieces published in six leading, well-respected and influential English-language news outlets over the course of four three-week time periods between 2009 and 2012.

http://cissm.umd.edu/papers/files/media.pdf

۞۞۞

• Good-bye Dubai? Bombing Iran’s Nuclear Facilities would leave the Entire Gulf States Region virtually Uninhabitable
By Wade Stone, May 11, 2013

http://www.globalresearch.ca/good-bye-dubai-bombing-irans-nuclear-facilities-would-leave-the-entire-gulf-states-region-virtually-uninhabitable/5334737

۞۞۞

• Nuclear Iran Unlikely to Tilt Regional Power Balance – Report
By Jim Lobe and Joe Hitchon. May 20, 2013

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article35013.htm

۞۞۞

• Iran After the Bomb. How Would a Nuclear-Armed Tehran Behave?
By Alireza Nader, May 2013
This research was conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD).

http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR300/RR310/RAND_RR310.pdf

۞۞۞

• Paving, Penetrators and the Parchin Probe: Issues in Environmental Sampling by the IAEA
By Yousaf Butt, May 2013

http://armscontrollaw.com/2013/05/29/paving-penetrators-and-the-parchin-probe-issues-in-environmental-sampling-by-the-iaea/#comments

۞۞۞

• Reps. Dent, Price Lead Quarter of House to Urge Talks with New Iran President
By Robert Naiman, July 18, 2013

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-naiman/reps-dent-price-lead-quar_b_3623289.html

۞۞۞

• Global nuclear weapons inventories, 1945–2013. By Hans M. Kristensen and Robert S. Norris. (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists); September 2, 2013

http://bos.sagepub.com/search?fulltext=nuclear%20arsenals&sortspec=date&submit=Submit&andorexactfulltext=phrase&src=selected&journal_set=spbos

http://bos.sagepub.com/content/69/5/75.full.pdf+html

۞۞۞

• Help Rouhani – Iran has hardliners too. By Muhammad Sahimi; September 28, 2013

http://original.antiwar.com/muhammad-sahimi/2013/09/27/help-rouhani-iran-has-hardliners-too/

۞۞۞

• Talk to Iran, It Works. By Ryan C. Crocker; November 3, 2013
Ryan C. Crocker, a former United States ambassador to Afghanistan and Iraq, is dean of the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A & M.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/04/opinion/talk-to-iran-it-works.html?ref=iran&_r=0

۞۞۞

• Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of Security Council resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Report by the Director General. November 14, 2013

http://www.isis-online.org/uploads/isis-reports/documents/IAEA_Iran_Safeguards_Report_14Nov2013.pdf

۞۞۞

• More interesting reading about the Iran nuclear negotiations. By Cyrus Safdari; November 16, 2013

http://www.iranaffairs.com/iran_affairs/2013/11/more-interesting-reading-about-the-iran-nuclear-negotiations.html

۞۞۞

• White House Releases Fact Sheet on Iran ahead of Obama’s Announcment

http://www.politisite.com/2013/11/23/white-house-releases-fact-sheet-on-iran-ahead-of-obamas-announcment/

http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/11/23/fact-sheet-first-step-understandings-regarding-islamic-republic-iran-s-n

۞۞۞

• Full Text of Iran-P5+1 Nuclear Deal: „Joint Plan of Action,“ Geneva, November 24, 2013

http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2013/iran241113.html

http://media.farsnews.com/media/Uploaded/Files/Documents/1392/09/03/13920903000147.pdf

http://www.ft.com/cms/d0fa3682-5523-11e3-86bc-00144feabdc0.pdf

Der vollständige Wortlaut des Interimsabkommens auf Deutsch

http://irananders.de/nachricht/detail/682.html

۞۞۞

• Is Obama’s Policy of “Tough Diplomacy” Withering Away?
By Sasan Fayazmanesh; November 29, 2013

http://www.counterpunch.org/2013/11/29/is-obamas-policy-of-tough-diplomacy-withering-away/

۞۞۞

• WaPo “Fact Checker” Fails On Iran Nuclear Fatwa
By Gareth Porter; December 10, 2013

http://rightweb.irc-online.org/articles/display/wapo_fact_checker_fails_on_iran_nuclear_fatwa

۞۞۞

• All in play in the New Great Game
By Pepe Escobar; December 23, 2013

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/MID-03-231213.html

۞۞۞

• EXTENDING HANDS & UNCLENCHING FISTS
Reorienting Iran’s Outlook Beyond the Nuclear Deal
By Bijan Khajehpour, Reza Marashi and Trita Parsi; December 2013
(National Iranian American Council)

http://www.niacouncil.org/site/DocServer/Extending_Hands_Unclenching_Fists.pdf

۞۞۞

• Declaration by the Haifa Conference for a Nuclear Weapons and Weapons of Mass Destruction Free Zone in the Middle East held in Haifa 5-6 December 2013

http://data9.blog.de/media/637/7629637_4f019a6372_d.pdf

http://wmdfz.org/news_post.php?id=4

http://wmdfz.org/news_post.php?id=5

Persian version: http://10mehr.org/?p=1707

۞۞۞ 2014 ۞۞۞

• Eight Ways You’re Wrong About Iran’s Nuclear Program
By Yousaf Butt; January 17, 2014

http://nationalinterest.org/print/commentary/eight-ways-youre-wrong-about-irans-nuclear-program-9723

۞۞۞

History of Official Proposals on the Iranian Nuclear Issue
Kelsey Davenport (Arms Control Association); January 2014

http://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/Iran_Nuclear_Proposals

۞۞۞

Text of the United States-Israel Strategic Partnership Act of 2014
March 2014

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-113hr938rfs/pdf/BILLS-113hr938rfs.pdf

۞۞۞

• A good deal is better than no deal. The consequences of no nuclear deal with Iran
by Reza Marashi and Trita Parsi; July 2014

http://www.niacouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/NIAC-Deal-NoDeal-Final.pdf

۞۞۞

• Why Obama can’t lift Iran sanctions even if he wanted to
By Cyrus Safdari; September 2014

http://www.iranaffairs.com/iran_affairs/2014/09/why-obama-cant-lift-iran-sanctions-even-if-he-wanted-to.html

۞۞۞

• Remembering the Turkey-Brazil nuclear deal with Iran, and how Obama killed it.
By Cyrus Safdari; September 2014

http://www.iranaffairs.com/iran_affairs/2014/09/remembering-the-turkey-brazil-nuclear-deal-with-iran-and-how-obama-killed-it.html

۞۞۞

• In an exclusive interview, a top Iranian official says that Khomeini personally stopped him from building Iran’s WMD program.
BY Gareth Porter; October 2014

http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2014/10/16/when_the_ayatollah_said_no_to_nukes_iran_khomeini

۞۞۞

• If nuclear negotiations with Iran fail, US Will be Blamed
By Muhammad Sahimi; November 03, 2014

http://original.antiwar.com/sahimi/2014/11/02/if-nuclear-negotiations-with-iran-fail-us-will-be-blamed/

۞۞۞

• Timeline of Iran’s Nuclear Activities
By Semira N. Nikou (United States Institute of Peace); November 2014

http://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/timeline-irans-nuclear-activities

۞۞۞

• The IAEA faces a major credibility test
By Robert Kelley; December 15, 2014

http://www.lobelog.com/marivan-the-iaea-faces-a-major-credibility-test/

۞۞۞

• Iran poised on a slippery nuclear slope
By Ismael Hossein-zadeh; December 15, 2014

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/MID-01-151214.html

۞۞۞

• New pressure to stop Iran nuke accord
By Gareth Porter; December 26, 2014

https://consortiumnews.com/2014/12/26/new-pressure-to-stop-iran-nuke-accord/

۞۞۞ 2015 ۞۞۞

• The real story behind the Republicans’ Iran letter
By Gareth Porter; March 13, 2015

http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/real-story-behind-republicans-iran-letter-1104421078

۞۞۞

• Iran’s nuclear program and the New York Times
by Muhammad Sahimi, March 25, 2015

http://original.antiwar.com/sahimi/2015/03/24/irans-nuclear-program-and-the-new-york-times/

۞۞۞

• NYT publishes call to bomb Iran
by Robert Parry; March 28, 2015

https://consortiumnews.com/2015/03/28/nyt-publishes-call-to-bomb-iran/

 

۞۞۞

 

Putting Iran’s Nuclear Program in Context
by Micah Zenko
(Council on Foreign Relations)
March 31, 2015
۞۞۞

• Parameters for a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action Regarding the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Nuclear Program
Apri 2, 2015

http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2015/04/240170.htm

https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/parametersforajointcomprehenisveplanofaction.pdf

۞۞۞

• Joint Statement by EU High Representative Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif Switzerland
April 2, 2015

http://eeas.europa.eu/statements-eeas/2015/150402_03_en.htm

۞۞۞

• Iran and the Obama Doctrine
President Obama talks to Thomas L. Friedman; April 5, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/06/opinion/thomas-friedman-the-obama-doctrine-and-iran-interview.html?_r=1

۞۞۞

• Did a Chinese-Russian-Iranian coalition opposing NATO debut in Moscow?
by Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya; April 25, 2015

http://www.globalresearch.ca/did-a-chinese-russian-iranian-coalition-opposing-nato-debut-in-moscow/5445273

۞۞۞

• It Is Untenable to Seek a Nuclear Agreement With Iran While Also Arming its Opponents
by Muhammad Sahimi; June 9, 2015

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/muhammad-sahimi/it-is-untenable-to-seek-a_b_7536884.html

۞۞۞

• Remarks at the American Jewish Committee’s Global Forum 2015
Antony J. Blinken, Deputy Secretary of State; June 8, 2015

http://m.state.gov/md243266.htm

۞۞۞

• Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
Vienna, 14 July 2015

http://en.mid.ru/en/web/guest/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/1571070

۞۞۞

• Five key points of the Iran nuclear deal explained
by Sam Jones and Alex Barker, July 14, 2015

http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/f7dab4ae-2491-11e5-bd83-71cb60e8f08c.html#ixzz3fsbsRqFe

۞۞۞

• Full text of Obama on Iran deal
July 14, 2015

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article42366.htm

۞۞۞

• Obama Makes His Case on Iran Nuclear Deal
interview with Thomas L. Friedman; JULY 14, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/15/opinion/thomas-friedman-obama-makes-his-case-on-iran-nuclear-deal.html?smid=fb-share&_r=0

۞۞۞

• Iran’s Long-Game Diplomatic Strategy
by Gareth Porter; July 15, 2015

https://consortiumnews.com/2015/07/15/irans-long-game-diplomatic-strategy/

۞۞۞

Resolution 2231 (2015) United Nations, Security Council
July 20, 2015

http://www.un.org/en/sc/inc/pages/pdf/pow/RES2231E.pdf

۞۞۞

 

Iran Nuclear Deal: Debunking the Myths
The Center for Arms Control and Non Proliferation
Last Updated August 31, 2015

۞۞۞

 

When Israel/Neocons Favored Iran
by Robert Parry; July 28, 2015https://consortiumnews.com/2015/07/28/when-israelneocons-favored-iran/

۞۞۞

Why the Nuclear Agreement With Iran Is a Defeat for Ayatollah Khamenei
by Muhammad Sahimi; August 24, 2015

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/muhammad-sahimi/nuclear-agreement-iran-khamenei_b_8029710.html

۞۞۞

44 Intellectuals Petition In Support of the Nuclear Deal and Request the Release of All Iranian Political Prisoners
Democracy, Justice, Peace and Elimination of Discrimination in the Middle East
by Akber Ganji

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/akbar-ganji/44-intellectuals-petition-in-support-iran-deal_b_8080032.html

 

۞۞۞ 2016 ۞۞۞

Clinton: Destroy Syria for Israel
The New Obsever, by TNO Staff
May 22, 2016

۞۞۞ 2017۞۞۞

Lobbyismus für das Regime oder Kriegsprävention?
Mehran Barati; 1.1.2017
۞۞۞
Do Iran’s Missile Tests Violate the Nuclear Agreement?
by Muhammad Sahimi, February 04, 2017
۞۞۞
Trump Cannot Afford To Shut Out Iran If He Wants To Defeat ISIS
Divisive diplomacy and religious bans won’t lead to sustainable peace in Syria and the region.
by Seyed Hossein Mousavian, January 31,
۞۞۞

How the U.S. Aristocracy Made a Foreign-Policy Chump Out of Trump

by Eric Zuesse, November 26, 2017

http://thesaker.is/how-the-u-s-aristocracy-made-a-foreign-policy-chump-out-of-trump/

 

۞۞۞

جان شیفته


تقدیم به یاوران
SAG SERVUS UND SALAM

گفتم غم چه داری، گفتا جهان و انسان
گفتم چگونه کاهَم، گفتا نگاه و احسان
گفتم کین شور و این تمنّا، در دل چگونه برپاست
گفتا مرداب سخت هائل، در سینه عشقِ دریاست
گفتم به سایه روشن عصر ره را چه سان بجویند
گفتا آتش به جان که باشد تردید و شک بشویند
گفتم کویر و کوه است، سرما و تَفت فراوان
گفتا روان بُرنا صحرا کند شکوفان
گفتم که خیلِ خصم است، شمشیر دستِ مَست است
گفتا به دانش و مِهر، این صولتی شکستست

۞۞۞


بندیکت فورمن (١) یکی از شیفتگان روشندلی، فرهنگ و مهر ایرانیان است. نمایشگاه سمعی و بصری او، برآمده از عکسها و فیلمهائی که وی در طول اقامت خود در آن کهن دیار تهیّه نموده، قرار است روز پانزدهم ژوئیهء سال ٢٠١٢ در یکی از کلیساهای شهر مونیخ برپا گردد و به مدّت چهار هفته ادامه داشته باشد. از این گام گرانبار در جهت آشنائی، تفاهم و دوستی انسانها در دورانی که منادیان جنگ و نفرت غوغا می کند پشتیبانی مادّی و معنوی بنمائیم

(١)
Benedikt Fuhrmann
Ein Blick Iran. Ein Land, da leben Menschen.
http://www.facebook.com/EinblickIran
bf@einblickiran.de
http://www.einblickiran.de
۞۞۞

دوازدهم اردیبهشت هزار و سیصد و نود و یک
Rotenburg an der Fulda

 

 

 

Quadratur des Kreises

Quadratur des Kreises

September 2009

1. Einleitung

2. Selbstdarstellung und Geschichtsauffassung

3. Der verborgene Imam und die Statthalterschaft der Rechtsgelehrten(wilayat-ul-faqih)

4. Rechte des Volkes in der Verfassung der Islamischen Republik Iran

5. Islam und Menschenrechte

6. Die Scharia

7. Anstelle einer Zusammenfassung

8. Erläuterungen und Quellenangaben

9. Grafik zur Verfassungsstruktur der Islamischen Republik Iran

Einleitung

Durch die umstrittenen Präsidentenschaftwahlen 2009 im Iran tauchte erneut die in sich widerspruchsvolle Frage auf, ob die Menschenrechte in diesem theokratischen Staat zu verwirklichen seien [1]. Außerdem entstand bei einigen Beobachtern des politischen Geschehens die Wunschvorstellung, Mousavi und seine „grüne“ Wahlkampagne könnten grundlegende Veränderungen herbeiführen [2] [3]. Beide Punkte beruhen auf schmerzlichen Kenntnislücken bezüglich der iranischen Gesellschaft. Ein wesentlicher Aspekt beinhaltet hierbei die iranische Verfassung und die Staatsräson.

Im vorliegenden Artikel erfolgt eine Durchsicht der iranischen Verfassung, die in ihrer aktuellen Version mit den entsprechenden Begriffserläuterung in deutscher Sprache im Netz zugänglich ist [4].

Das Ziel ist, die ideologische Grundlage der im Namen Allahs im Iran ausgeführten Verbrechen und Gräueltaten zu veranschaulichen, wobei längere Darstellungen und Erklärungen aus der Sicht der Herrschenden erfolgen.

Die international anerkannten Dokumente über die Menschenrechte sowie weitere Informationsmaterialien sind zum Vergleich ebenfalls im Netz zu lesen [5].

Um den Lesefluss nicht zu stören und gleichzeitig bei diesem heiklen Thema Fehldeutungen zu vermeiden, wurden mehrere, längere Fußnoten hinzugefügt, deren Lektüre als untrennbarer Teil dieser Schrift dringend empfohlen wird.

Als eine in Deutschland lebende iranische Abtrünnige (Apostasie: Abfall vom Glauben) musste die Verfasserin ein Pseudonym benutzen [6].

weiterlesen:
http://www.ag-friedensforschung.de/regionen/Iran/staat.pdf

Quadratur des Kreises