Economic Sanctions Against Iran (updated November 2019)

Economic Sanctions Against Iran

֎֎֎ 2000 ֎֎֎

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The Adverse Consequences of Economic Sanctions

Review of Further Developments in Fields with Which the Subcommission Has Been or May Be Concerned

The Bossuyt Report

Working paper prepared by Mr. Marc Bossuyt

Economic and Social Council; E/CN.4/Sub.2/2000/33

June 21, 2000

https://www.globalpolicy.org/global-taxes/42501-the-adverse-consequences-of-economic-sanctions.html#case-a

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֎֎֎ 2010 ֎֎֎

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Das Sanktionsregime gegen Iran: Entstehungsgeschichte und Auswirkungen

Ali Fathollah-Nejad

in INAMO

28. Oktober 2010

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/ni23.pdf

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֎֎֎ 2012 ֎֎֎

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When will the Killing War in Iran Begin? It Already Has

By Stephen Gowans

November 3, 2012

http://gowans.wordpress.com/2012/11/03/when-will-the-killing-war-in-iran-begin-it-already-has/

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Key Reasons against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran

Campaign Against Sanctions and Military Intervention in Iran (CASMII)

January 21, 2012

http://www.campaigniran.org/casmii/files/Fact-Sheets-03-03-2012.pdf

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/san8.pdf

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Sanctions Will Kill Tens of Thousands of Iranians

By Muhammad Sahimi

August 09, 2012

http://original.antiwar.com/sahimi/2012/08/08/sanctions-will-kill-tens-of-thousands-of-iranians/

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/san9.pdf

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Sanctions, Military Strikes, and Other Potential Actions Against Iran

By Charles P. Blair and Mark Jansson

Federation of American Scientists. FAS Special Report

November 2012

https://cdn.mashreghnews.ir/old/files/fa/news/1391/8/29/239339_903.pdf

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UNINTENDED VICTIMS: THE IMPACT OF THE IRAN SANCTIONS ON IRANIAN AMERICANS

A JOINT PROJECT BY THE ASIAN LAW CAUCUS,THE IRANIAN AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION,THE NATIONAL IRANIAN AMERICAN COUNCIL,AND THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS ALLIANCE OF IRANIAN AMERICANS

November 2012

https://www.advancingjustice-alc.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Unintended-Victims_Nov-2012_FINAL-Report.pdf

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The Impact of Sanctions on Iranian Society and Artists

By Mehrnaz Shahabi

December 10, 2012

http://www.fairobserver.com/article/impact-sanctions-iranian-society-and-artists

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֎֎֎ 2013 ֎֎֎

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Understanding Iran under Sanctions: Oil and the National Budget

By William Young and Alireza Hajihosseini

The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

January 2013

http://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Understanding-Iran-Under-Sanctions-Oil-and-the-National-Budget.pdf

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Iran unable to get life-saving drugs due to international sanctions

By Julian Borger and Saeed Kamali Dehghan

January 13, 2013

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jan/13/iran-lifesaving-drugs-international-sanctions?CMP=twt_gu

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Electronic Sanctions: Targeting Irans Media, Preventing Iranians from Using the Internet

By Kourosh Ziabari

January 16, 2013

http://www.globalresearch.ca/electronic-sanctions-targeting-irans-media-preventing-iranians-from-using-the-internet/5319110

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US-led economic sanctions strangle Iran’s drug supply

By Dara Mohammadi

The Lancet

January 26, 2013

http://download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673613601166.pdf

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Deadly Impacts of US Sponsored Sanctions on Iran. „Iranian Mothers for Peace“ Alert the World on Sanctions and Shortage of Medicines

By Mehrnaz Shahabi and Mehrnaz Shahabi

February 1, 2013

http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2013/ms010213.html

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Sanctions and Medical Supply Shortages in Iran

By Siamak Namazi (Dubai-based consultant and former Public Policy Scholar, Woodrow Wilson Center)

February 2013

http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/sanctions_medical_supply_shortages_in_iran.pdf

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The myth of benign sanctions against Iran

By Ali Fathollah-Nejad

July 2, 2013

http://972mag.com/the-myth-of-benign-sanctions-against-iran/74907/

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The Effects of The Economic Sanctions Against Iran

By Mina Khanlarzadeh

July 26, 2013

http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/13200/the-effects-of-the-economic-sanctions-against-iran

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The West is a career: Linking Rouhani’s election to US sanctions

By Hamid Dabashi

July 31, 2013

http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/07/20137301153043370.html

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Iranian political prisoners‘ plea to Barack Obama: the full letter

Exclusive: More than 50 prominent political prisoners reach out to US president, asking him to seize ‚last chance‘ for detente.

August, 2013

http://www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2013/aug/08/iran-political-prisoners-letter-to-obama

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֎֎֎ 2014 ֎֎֎

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Iranian stars petition UN over medicine shortages

By Saeed Kamali Dehghan; January 7, 2014

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/07/iranian-stars-petition-un-medicine-shortages-sanctions?CMP=twt_gu

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International Sanctions against Iran under President Ahmadinejad: Explaining Regime Persistence

GIGA Research Programme:Violence and Security

By Oliver Borszik

November 2014

https://www.giga-hamburg.de/de/system/files/publications/wp260_borszik.pdf

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֎֎֎ 2015  ֎֎֎

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Iran Nuclear Negotiations: Status of Talks and the Role of Congress

Written Testimony of David S. Cohen Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence United States Department of the Treasury United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations

January 21, 2015

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Cohen_Testimony1.pdf

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֎֎֎ 2016 ֎֎֎

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SANCTIONING FREEDOMS:  U.S. SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAN AFFECTING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMPANIES

By Pinky P. Mehta

2016

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ec8e/d3cc5fbad237c63f730ec5a566ef4435a6ef.pdf

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Addressing the impact of economic sanctions on Iranian drug shortages in the joint comprehensive plan of action: promoting access to medicines and health diplomacy

By Sogol Setayesh and Tim K. Mackey

June 8, 2016

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4897941/pdf/12992_2016_Article_168.pdf

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֎֎֎ 2018 ֎֎֎

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The Crisis in Iran: What Now?

Center for Strategic and International Studies

By Anthony H. Cordesman

January 11, 2018

https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/publication/180112_The_Crisis_Iran.pdf?436140qcZULx2.FP2LQLcbaW0c4ZC5Y.

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A Brief History of Sanctions on Iran

By Ashish Kumar Sen

Atlantic Council

May 8, 2018

https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/new-atlanticist/a-brief-history-of-sanctions-on-iran

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Frequently Asked Questions Regarding the Re-Imposition of Sanctions Pursuant to the May 8, 2018 National Security Presidential Memorandum Relating to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

U.S. Treasury Department

May 8, 2018

https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Documents/jcpoa_winddown_faqs.pdf

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Iran: Sanctions & War

By Conn Hallinan

May 25, 2018

Iran: Sanctions & War

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How economic sanctions compromise cancer care in Iran

By Mehdi Aloosh

July, 2018

https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S1470-2045%2818%2930427-3

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Sanctions Backfire: US is Being Left Behind

By Kevin Zeese and Margaret Flowers

August 28, 2018

Sanctions Backfire: US is Being Left Behind

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Iran: “Snapping Back” Sanctions and the Threat of War

By George Capaccio

September 21, 2018

Iran: “Snapping Back” Sanctions and the Threat of War

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Iran’s hepatitis elimination programme is under threat

By Mahmoud Reza Pourkarim, Homi Razavi, Philippe Lemey, Marc Van Ranst

September 22, 2018

https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S0140-6736%2818%2931810-5

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The silent victims of the US embargo against Iran

By Mithra Ghalibafian, Shabnam Hemmati, Eric Bouffet

November 2018

https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S1470-2045%2818%2930751-4

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Why Iranian women are among the most vulnerable to US sanctions

Cost of feminine hygiene products soars as salaries drop with analysts warning traditional family dynamic is at risk

By Samira Damavandi

November 7, 2018

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/iranian-women-vulnerable-sanctions-181106231744573.html

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֎֎֎2019 ֎֎֎

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US Iran sanctions make Europeans challenge dollar hegemony

By Medea Benjamin and Nicolas J S Davies

January 31, 2019

https://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/foreign-policy/427934-us-iran-sanctions-make-europeans-challenge-dollar-hegemony

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EU launches mechanism to bypass US sanctions on Iran

By Virginia Pietromarchi

January 31, 2019

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/01/eu-launches-mechanism-bypass-sanctions-iran-190128084529234.html

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China and Iran: JCPOA and beyond

By Belt & Road News

February 19, 2019

China and Iran: JCPOA and beyond

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Iranians are paying for US sanctions with their health

By Tamara Qiblawi, Frederik Pleitgen and Claudia Otto

February 22, 2019

https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/22/middleeast/iran-medical-shortages-intl/index.html

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Atomkrise mit Iran: INSTEX taugt nicht zum Befreiungsschlag

Azadeh Zamirirad

Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP)

01.02.2019

https://www.swp-berlin.org/kurz-gesagt/2019/atomkrise-mit-iran-instex-taugt-nicht-zum-befreiungsschlag/

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Extraterritorial U.S. Sanctions

Only Domestic Courts Could Effectively Curb the Enforcement of U.S. Law Abroad

Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (The German Institute for International and Security Affairs, SWP)

February 2019

https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/comments/2019C05_lom.pdf

German version:

https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/aktuell/2019A31_lom.pdf

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Iranian medical scientists write to UN on U.S. sanctions against Iran

March 8, 2019

https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/433820/Iranian-medical-scientists-write-to-UN-on-U-S-sanctions-against

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Why Companies Around the World are Reversing Course on Iran Business

By Iran Watch

April 12, 2019

https://www.iranwatch.org/our-publications/policy-briefs/how-companies-around-world-are-reversing-course-iran-business

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For Iranians, the War Has Already Begun

By Elham Pourtaher

May 13, 2019

For Iranians, the War Has Already Begun

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Kriegsdrohungen und Wirtschaftskrieg die Mobilmachung gegen den Iran

Von Joachim Guilliard

13.6.2019 (leicht gekürzt in Marxistische Blätter 3/2019)

Kriegsdrohungen und Wirtschaftskrieg ‒ die Mobilmachung gegen den Iran

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/08/san46-1.pdf

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The Mechanism of Economic Sanctions: Changing Perceptions and Euphemisms

By Elias Davidsson

June 24, 2019

The Mechanism of Economic Sanctions: Changing Perceptions and Euphemisms

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/07/san1.pdf

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Meeting the challenge of secondary sanctions

By Ellie Geranmayeh and  Manuel Lafont Rapnouil

European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)

June 25, 2019

https://www.ecfr.eu/page/-/4_Meeting_the_challenge_of_secondary_sanctions.pdf

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Impact of United States political sanctions on international collaborations and research in Iran

By Fatemeh Kokabisaghi, Andrew C Miller, Farshid R Bashar, Mahmood Salesi, Ali A K Zarchi, Abdalsamad Keramatfar, Mohammad A Pourhoseingholi, Hosein Amini, Amir Vahedian-Azimi

June 17, 2019

https://gh.bmj.com/content/4/5/e001692

https://gh.bmj.com/content/bmjgh/4/5/e001692.full.pdf

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Iran Sanctions

Congressional Research Service (USA); RS20871

By Kenneth Katzman; Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs

July 12, 2019

https://fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS20871.pdf

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Iran Sanctions

List of the Iran sanctions compiled by the U.S. Department of the Treasury

https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/programs/pages/iran.aspx

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Iranians say US sanctions blocking access to needed medicine

By Mohammad Nasiri

July 30, 2019

https://www.apnews.com/23327f44786845dbbecee530664ee5a6

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Economic Sanctions Will Kill Tens of Thousands of Innocent Iranians

By Muhammad Sahimi

July 30, 2019

Economic Sanctions Will Kill Tens of Thousands of Innocent Iranians

https://amirmortasawi.files.wordpress.com/2019/08/san42.pdf

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U.S. Sanctions Are Killing Cancer Patients in Iran

Washington claims that maximum pressure won’t stop the supply of medicine and other humanitarian necessities, but banking sanctions are driving up import prices, blocking supply chains, and creating deadly drug shortages.

By  Abbas Kebriaeezadeh

August 14, 2019

U.S. Sanctions Are Killing Cancer Patients in Iran

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How US sanctions are crippling science in Iran

Besieged researchers say that currency collapse, scientific isolation and psychological strain are hindering almost every aspect of their work.

By Declan Butler

September 24, 2019

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02795-y

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Handel mit dem Iran

Europa blamiert sich

Von Nora Bauer

22.10.2019

https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/handel-mit-dem-iran-europa-blamiert-sich.976.de.html?dram%3Aarticle_id=461568&fbclid=IwAR2QjaQ_Hjyn7lZ-W8itAeRbKdmiS6jXpwVv2g9DzMsr8YqgrYYX97fLydU

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“Maximum Pressure”. US Economic Sanctions Harm Iranians’ Right to Health

Human Right Watch Report

October 29, 2019

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/10/29/iran-sanctions-threatening-health

“[…]The 47-page report, “‘Maximum Pressure’: US Economic Sanctions Harm Iranians’ Right to Health,” documents how broad restrictions on financial transactions, coupled with aggressive rhetoric from United States officials, have drastically constrained the ability of Iranian entities to finance humanitarian imports, including vital medicines and medical equipment. While the US government has built exemptions for humanitarian imports into its sanctions regime, Human Rights Watch found that in practice these exemptions have failed to offset the strong reluctance of US and European companies and banks to risk incurring sanctions and legal action by exporting or financing exempted humanitarian goods. The result has been to deny Iranians access to essential medicines and to impair their right to health. Under international law, the US should monitor the impact of its sanctions on Iranians’ rights and address any violations sanctions cause.[…]”

See also:

https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/iran1019sanctions_web_0.pdf

https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/iran_sanctions1019_appendix.pdf

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The Humanitarian Impact of US Sanctions on Iran

Atlantic Council

October 30,2019

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